Yielding pool of broadcasting corporations George Otto von Moellendorff (* 3 October 1881 in Hong Kong; " 4. May 1937 in Berlin) was a German engineer and restaurant theoretician. Publicly became it admits by its politico-economic manipulation in and after the First World War. Before it and afterwards he worked very successfully in the material research.
Yielding pool of broadcasting corporations von Moellendorff was born on 3 October 1881 in Hong Kong as a son of the German zoologist and consulate interpreter (later consul) Otto v. M. and its wife Betty geb. blue. It visited higher schools in and Tilsit and studied from 1901 to 1906 mechanical engineering at the technical university Charlottenburg with Berlin (today TH Berlin).
While its study had it contact with the time-critical journalist Maximilian Harden and became by it with Walther Rathenau admits made, which held leading functions in the general society AEG created by its father. Rathenau adjusted the young engineering graduate 1906 in the AEG cable works Oberspree (upper beautiful pasture with Berlin) and became for Moellendorff the admired model.
In the cable works Oberspree, the then largest metalworking factory of Germany, established and led Moellendorff starting from 1908 a central metal laboratory. Here it worked on basic problems apart from routine testings of materials and tasks of development also, in particular the plastic deformation (the "cold straining") of metals, which unverstanden theoretically were and in the contradiction for the crystal nature of the metals to stand seemed. By means of careful experiments industrial engineer, the refutation for this of the conceptions represented by the important Physikochemiker Gustav Tammann succeeded to it. In the same laboratory 1916 Moellendorffs coworkers and successors by the way discovered January Czochralski the method for pulling single crystals from a melt (Czochralski procedure), which today most important technology for the mass production of the silicon chips, on which entire modern microelectronics - e.g. computer, mobile telephones, satellite navigation devices - is based.
Starting from beginning of the First World War 1914 opposing powers obstructed the import of raw materials by blockade measures, on which Germany for supply and war guidance was dependent. Moellendorff referred Walther Rathenau to the consequences for the industry, which can be expected, and suggested that a national Rohstoffbewirtschaftung should become lively. Rathenau obtained shortly thereafter in the Prussian war Ministry the establishment of the war raw material department and took over their line. Moellendorff changed with it there and received soon further authority, e.g. than director of the war chemicals AG. In this time he wrote also a memorandum "German social economy", which presents a compromise model between to more capitalistically market and socialist planned economy (S. also social economy). After this vision a system in equal numbers of advice and specialized committees should steer the economy by plans, in order to e.g. avoid the "friction losses" arising by competition behavior; industrial private property should remain however possible, because business initiative held for Moellendorff as mainspring of the economy for indispensable.
In April 1918 Moellendorff was appointed to a tidy Professur for political economy and financial sciences to the TH Hanover. However the social-democratic politician already got Rudolf Wissell Moellendorff as an under-secretary of State in the realm restaurant economics, in order to carry out with it in common-economical conceptions in November 1918, after the revolution and proclaiming of the republic. The suggestions were disputed. In a cabinet meeting 1919 presented Wissell (in the meantime ministers of economics) the compiled concept, but all other Ministers rejected it; the planned-economy intentions went to the civil one too far, the Social Democrats required however larger nationalizations. Wissell and Moellendorff stepped thereupon of their government offices back.
Moellendorffs relationship to Walther Rathenau was in the meantime reserved. While the public identified the social economy concept with Moellendorff, Rathenau (applicable) called itself as an author of many of the ideas lying to reason. Moellendorff stressed against it, Rathenau acts even not after these ideas, on the contrary he wanted to return to the private-capitalistic Vorkriegswirtschaft. A controversy, who had the war raw material management from both at that time originally lively, led 1920 to the final alienation.
In Moellendorffs economical lectures and writings one recognizes engineer. For the evaluation of politico-economic measures it e.g. used the efficiency term and never relied after possibility on acceptance, but on observed facts. As improved database for politico-economic considerations he wrote a "economical elementary comparison" after own extensive collections between different countries. Also after the end of its short politician career he remained in economic questi0ns a looked for specialist, noticed different supervisory board mandates and belonged starting from 1926 the mixing to economical sub-committee of the preparing disarmament conference in Geneva. Excerpts from its scattered economics and socio-political writings appeared later in the book "conservative socialism".
1923 became Moellendorff director/conductor of the Prussian national office for material testing in Berlin (today Federal Institution for material research and - examination) and shortly thereafter also director of the institute for metal research of the emperor William company, which he took up to the premises of the office for material testing also. It saved thereby Institut financially endangered by the inflation and used the "symbiosis" of the two mechanisms despite scarce means even for the setting up to a new department for the structural research with X-ray. This carried important work out in the subsequent years for the clearing-up of the plastic ductility of metals, thus in the area, which had already been particularly important Moellendorff in its AEG laboratory. The co-operation of Michael Polanyi, which belonged to another citizen of Berlin institute for emperor William, with the Roentgen department of the metal research institute carried with interpretation of the plasticity final to Polanyis by the mechanism of the edge dislocation. This was in writing published only 1934 - at the same time with two other one, independent discoverers -, but already spoken by Polanyi 1932 at a conference.
Moellendorff became 1927 vice-president in the international federation for metal examination. Likewise starting from 1927 it belonged to the senate of the emperor William company, also still, after it had withdrawn 1929 from the line functions of the material testing office and the institute.
In May 1933 Moellendorff offered to the president Max Planck to the emperor William company to do without its senatorial seat. In the summer of the same yearly he explained also his withdrawal from the society and wrote in addition Planck: "Member of the society I do not want to remain, since I as "conservative Sozialist' of some today modern idea become connected, with certain me gradually admits becoming rapes however, which agrees not neither with the German, still with the scientific thing the smallest to do to have, and may not even seem."
Also from all other functions and activities Moellendorff withdrew itself ever more. In May 1937 briefly also it terminated its life with own hand after the free death of its second wife.
Yielding pool of broadcasting corporations von Moellendorff: German social economy. Berlin 1916
Yielding pool of broadcasting corporations von Moellendorff: Conservative socialism (Hrsg. Hermann Curth). Hamburg 1932
Dieter Schmid: Yielding pool of broadcasting corporations von Moellendorff. A contribution for the idea of the economic autonomy. Thesis FU Berlin 1970
Klaus brown: Konservatismus and social economy. A study over yielding pool of broadcasting corporations von Moellendorff. Thesis comprehensive university Duisburg 1978; Duisburger of university contributions 11, ISBN 3-87096-147-3
(Mainly over the engineer-scientific activities:)
J. Evers, And of and And march: Yielding pool of broadcasting corporations von Moellendorff (1881-1937). Material examiner, metal researcher, restaurant economics. In: Technology history Bd. 71 (2004) P. 139-157, ISSN 0040-117X
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