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» Economics » Economist (20. Jh.) » Topics begins with W » William R

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William (* 10 October 1899 in Schwarmstedt with Hanover; "† 12 February 1966 in Geneva) is considered as one of the most important mental fathers of the social free-market economy.


William buildup in a liberal civil country doctor family. After the Abitur in Stade it began 1917 with the study of on the right of and political science in Goettingen, changed later to then to Marburg at the Lahn. There it turned to the study of the political economy and attained a doctorate themselves in the spring 1921 with honor. Subsequently, it began a place as an assistant at the state-scientific seminar with his doctor father Professor Walter Troeltsch. Roepke habilitierte itself 1922 as a private lecturer of the political economics at the University of Marburg and at the age of 24 years as a youngest German professor to the University of Jena was appointed.

One USA stay as a guest professor of the skirt skin he donation, the appointment to the University of Graz and 1929 a call followed to the Philipps university Marburg, where it was active until 1933 as a full professor of the political economics. As consequence of his warnings of the national socialists the strip packing member was driven out 1933 of his chair. Under the pseudonym Ulrich Unfried it published writings against the totalitarian society and rule system of the NSDAP and went like others politically and religiously pursued in the autumn 1933 into the exile in Turkey, where it taught at the University of Istanbul. There its most successful book "the science of the economy" developed, which became the theoretical basis of the later economics and socio-political publications of William To the winter semester 1937/38 changed to Geneva, in order to exercise an unusually fruitful activity as a professor for international economic questi0ns at Institut for international studies of the University of Geneva. A graduate student of him in Geneva was Carl carpenter.


Quite, custom, moral, standardization and value convictions are for the national economy professor crucial elements, of which not the market, but the political level and the central bank have to always take care. With a "conformal" social to adjust economics and financial policy, whose task is it to protect "beyond the market" weak ones interests rules to set and power limit, an economic system of the "economic human" aims at, which by him "third way" is also called. stands for a society and a policy, for which the keeping of the human rights is of highest importance. The so-called "individual principle" as important and elemantarer core of the free-market economy must from its view with one thought out social and humanity principle in balance to be held.

The handy sentence "the Gleichgewichtspreis vacates the market. " comes, overallally economic the optimal satisfaction of requirements contained, from it. With his working the liberal political economist, who published in over four decades of its work far more than 800 writings and with its expert knowledge and its persuasive power political developments affected, belongs certainly to that economists, who along-coined/shaped the development of postwar Germany as scientists and political advisors considerably. It was - so Ludwig Erhard - "in the best sense a Streiter for the highest values of mankind". Its life's work gives also for the economic and social questions today many trailblazing answers.


Europe to centralize and it into a block merge, would be nothing else as a betrayal of Europe and of the European inheritance - a betrayal, which was only aggravated by the fact that it is implemented in the name of Europe.


  • The science of the economy, Berne, 1937
  • Gesellschaftskrisis of the present, Zurich, 1942
  • Civitas Humana. Basic questions of the society and restaurant reform, Zurich, 1944
  • International order, Zurich 1945
  • Beyond of supply and demand, 1958; 5. Edition with head, Berne 1979, ISBN 3258028737


See also

  • Mont Pelerin Society

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