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» Economics » Economics to countries » Economics (Italy) » Viticulture in Italy

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The region (Italian Campania) with 41.129 " hectar of with the capital Neapel is one of the oldest Weinbaugebiete of Italy. Here among other things the Falerner developed in the antique one. The mediterrane climate with the influence of the close sea, which as well as soils of volcanic origin offer protecting mountains an ideal basis for viticulture, mostly become red wines produced. Particularly the red sort Aglianico supplies in particular with Avellino body-rich, colorintensive and aromatic red wines. From this the long time only kampanische DOCG wine Taurasi is gekeltert. Further Reborten is Asprinio Bianco, Biancolella, Coda di Volpe, Falanghina, Fiano, Forastera, Greco Bianco and Piedirosso. From the wine total production are allotted only three per cent to DOC wines, but the quality efforts of the last years carry first fruits.

DOCG of wines in Kampanien

Taurasi, Greco di Tufo, Fiano di Avellino,

DOC of wines in Kampanien

Aglianico del Taburno, Aversa Asprinio, Campi Flegrei, Capri, Castel San Lorenzo, Cilento, Costa d"´Amalfi, Falerno del Massico, Galluccio, Guardia Sanframondi, Ischia, Penisola Sorrentina, Sannio, Sant"´Agata de"´ Goti, Solopaca, Vesuvio.

IGT of wines in Kampanien

Beneventano, Campania, Colli di Salerno, Dugenta, Epomeo, Irpinia, Paestum, Pompeiano, Roccamonfina, Terre del Volturno.


The region is with 10.848 hectars one of the smallest viticulture regions of Italy. The capital is Potenza. The cultivation areas are most different. Thus the vineyards within the range Vulture rank among the high-altitude in completely Europe. The Rebland is carved up into many thousand small plots, which are large frequently not even 1 hectar. This heterogeneity makes a classification very heavy, so that there are so far only 2 DOC zones (the zone Terre dell'Alta Val d'Agri gives it only since the summer 2003), from which approx. 4% the Basilikataweine come. Meanwhile some winegrowers show the great potential of the Aglianico in the Basilikata and the quality efforts are already internationally honored. The Aglianico del Vulture belongs to the finest red wines of Italy.

DOC of wines in the Basilikata

Aglianico del Vulture, Terre dell'Alta Val d'Agri.

IGT of wines in the Basilikata

Basilicata, Grottino di Roccanova


The region (Italian Puglia) with the capital Bari is deeply in the south because of the adriatischen coast. Contrary to the other southern regions there are hardly mountains; the landscape consists of Hochebenen and flat country. It prevails a drying-hot climate with little precipitation forwards. From the spur with Foggia up to the point of the boot paragraph behind Lecce Apulien extends over 400 km. Apulien had most Rebsorten in the south of Italy, approximately 80 per cent of it are red. The finest qualities Apuliens grow on the peninsula Salento (this corresponds in for instance the province Lecce). Owing to the mutual proximity of the adriatischen sea and the Ioni sea cooling the nights here in the measure, as it is necessary for a cultivation of quality.

The red Rebsorten is Aleatico, Bombino Nero, Malvasia Nera, Montepulciano, Negroamaro, Primitivo, Sangiovese, Somarello Rosso and Uva di Troia. The most frequent white are Bombino Bianco, Fiano, Falanghina, Impigno, Moscato di Trani and Verdeca. On a of 106.715 hectars most wine of Italy is produced here (more than in completely Germany). Together with Sicilies it is because of the point of the Italian wine output.

It gives 25 DOC zones, these constitutes however only under five per cent to the output. A large part of the wines is used for distillation by Industrie-Alkohol and for production by mass wines.

DOC of wines in Apulien

Aleatico di Puglia, Alezio, Brindisi, Cacc"´e Mmitte di Lucera, Castel del Monte, Copertino, Galatina, Gioia del Colle, Gravina, Leverano, Lizzano, Locorotondo, Martina Franca, Matino, Moscato di Trani, Orta new facts, east university, Primitivo di Manduria, Rosso Barletta, Rosso Canosa, Rosso di Cerignola, Salice Salentino, San Severo, Squinzano.

IGT of wines in Apulien

Daunia, Murgia, Puglia, Salento, Tarantino, Valle d'Itria


The region (Italian Calabria, capital Catanzaro) with 24.339 hectars of is one of the oldest Weinbau-Gebiete of Italy. Still before 100 years Kalabrien supplied with good blend wines and to the was one of the most well-known wines of the region. Mismanagement, poverty and corruption led to fall and emigration. Slowly however again movement comes into the kalabrischen viticulture. The departure tendency can be compared with the past years in Sicilies and Apulien. The price structuring is still moderate. A quarter of the is bestockt with the red Rebsorte Gaglioppo.

DOC of wines in Kalabrien

Bivongi, Donnici, Greco di Bianco (Greco di Gerace, Mantonico di Bianco), Lamezia, Melissa, Pollino, Sant"´Anna di Isola Capo Rizzuto, San Vito di Luzzi, Savuto, Scavigna, Verbicaro.


Sicily, the island of the Nero d'Avola, with the capital Palermo (approx. 700 ' 000 inhabitants) is with 133.518 hectars of the largest wine region of Italy. In addition we in addition, the island Pantelleria and the Lipari islands lain lying southwest northeast count. Since July 2005 there is the first DOCG - classified wine. DOC wines constitute only approx. 3% the entire There is however excellent of board wines (IGT"´s). Among the most well-known the two marks Corvo and Regaleali rank.

From here the viticulture came by the Greeks to completely Europe. Despite the good potential the awaked winegrowers very late and recognized the chances of a cultivation of quality wines. It is worthwhile itself to become acquainted with the Sicilian wine more near.

DOCG of wines in Sicilies

Cerasuolo di Vittoria,

DOC of wines in Sicilies

Alcamo, Etna, wine, Malvasia depression Lipari, Marsala, Menfi, Moscato di Noto, Moscato di Pantellaria, Moscato di Siracusa.

IGT of wines in Sicilies

Nero d'Avola


Sardinien has a of 43.331 hectars. The southern situation in the Mediterranean secures plentiful sunshine. Particularly at the south coast there is much dryness, therefore often an artificial irrigation is necessary. New vineyards are often put on in the lee by mountains or trees. The temperatures are however in the different partial regions of the island very different. Thus above all fresh, fruchtige weissweine with beautiful acid and fluffyness develop in the cooler north (Gallura, Anglona and Alghero); red, knowing and Dessertweinen good conditions offers the warm south and west side of the island. Production is controlled to a large extent by large cooperatives. For two thirds red wines are produced and for a third of weissweine.

DOCG of wines in Sardinien

Vermentino di Gallura

DOC of wines in Sardinien

Alghero, Arborea, Campidano di Terralba, Cannonau di Sardegna, Carignano del Sulcis, di Cagliari, Malvasia di Bosa, Malvasia di Cagliari, Mandrolisai, Monica di Cagliari, Monica di Sardegna, Moscato di Cagliari, Moscato di Sardegna, Moscato di Sorso Sennori, Nasco di Cagliari, Nuragus di Cagliari, Sardegna Semidano, Vermentino di Sardegna, Vernaccia di Oristano.

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