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» Economics » Economics to countries » Economics (Italy) » Viticulture in Italy

Page modified: Wednesday, July 13, 2011 04:16:23


Ligurien with the capital Genova is the region of Italy third-smallest after the Aostatal and the Molise. Total wine production amounts to approx. 300,000 hl with 4.837 hectars Only 6% of this production result in quality wines. The area between France and the Toskana as well as the small single possessions stand to a high quality in the way. Nevertheless the sweet Dessertwein of the Cinqueterre, experiences the one Renaissance.

Within the range of the weissweine one concentrates the efforts on the white Rebsorten Vermentino, Pigato and Bosco; within the range red wine on the red sorts Rossese, Sangiovese and Dolcetto. In the year 1970 still 123 grape/cluster sorts were counted; most of it disappeared.

The viticulture has also in Ligurien for a long time tradition, as we can experience from Plinius the older one. For the historical development of the viticulture in Ligurien are 2 elements of crucial importance:

  • the difficult area, only a limited availability of offers and also in 19. Century to migration from the land led.
  • money with the cultivation of flowers and vegetables in greenhouses, which can be made more simply

DOC of wines in Ligurien

Rossese di Riviera Ligure di Ponente, Cinqueterre, Colli di Luni, Colline di Levanto, Golfo del Tigullio, Val Polcevera.

IGT of wines in Ligurien

Colline Savonesi, Golfo dei Poeti, Colline Genovesato

Trentino and South Tyrol (Alto Adige)

Trentino and South Tyrol form a connected region with approx. 12,800 hectars of The border of both areas forms the Salurner Klause, a bottleneck of the river Etsch. The standard of both areas is comparatively high, since more than 50% of the produced wines have DOC status. At present some wine cellar cooperatives try to drive the quality of the Maische by freiwillige self-restraint further up (DOC quantity partially voluntarily in 10-20 Doppelzentner/Ar (square measure) reduced).

DOC of wines in the Trentino

Campo Rotaliano, Sorni, Casteller, Teroldego

DOC of wines in South Tyrol

Kalterer lake (wine) (cultivation area Kalterer lake), lie-purely, pc. Magdalener (cultivation area pc. Magdalena with Bozen), from the place Tramin, Vernatsch


Venetien (Italian Veneto) extends westward to at the Gardasee and to the north to to the alps as well as locally to the border to Austria. Capital Venetiens is Venice. Venetien the most varied Italian region of cultivation of wine is geographically seen. On the one hand a third of mountain courses is covered, on the other hand one the region in the central level has over expanded rice fields and a large coastal strip. Accordingly Venetien has a broad pallet of wine styles, which are produced on a by 75.315 hectars. On scarcely 25% of this surface quality wines with DOC status are cultivated. The few coastal wines are usually insignificant. In the hilly hinterland nearly without exception weisswein is cultivated. Large wines with expression are rare; however the Amarone cultivated in the area of the Valpolicella applies beside the Barolo and the Brunello as one of the 3 large red wines of Italy. Tidy average qualities outweigh.

DOCG of wines in Venetien

Bardolino Superiore, Recioto di Soave, Soave Superiore

DOC of wines in Venetien

Amarone, Arcole, Bagnoli or Bagnoli di Sopra, Bardolino, Bianco di Custoza, Breganze, Colli Berici, Colli di Conegliano, Colli Euganei, Gambellara, Lessini Durello, Lison Pramaggiore, Merlara, Montello e Colli Asolani, Piave ode Vini del Piave, Prosecco, Soave, Valpolicella, Vicenza.

IGT of wines in Venetien

Alto Livenza

Friaul - Julisch Venetien

The region Friuli Venezia Giulia or only briefly Friaul has a bestockte of 18.700 hectars. The region borders in the north on Austria and in the east on Slovenia. The capital is Triest. To center of the 1960er Friaul was a red wine area, in which Merlot was predominantly used. In particular by new cellar methods like for example the cooled fermentation the area changed itself within a generation to the white wine region of Italy.

Wine-structurally Friaul is divided into the cultivation areas Colli orientiali del Friuli (1970), Collio (1968), Carso (1985), Friuli Isonzo (1974), Friuli Aquilea (1975), Friuli Annia (1995), Friuli Latisana (1975) and Grave del Friuli (1970), as well as 290 hectars of of the area Lison Pramaggiore, whose larger part lies however in the Veneto. The years in the parentheses are the year of the acknowledgment as DOC zone.

The mainly used Rebsorten is: For weissweine: Tocai friulano, Sauvignon, Malvasia istriana, Pinot bianco, Pinot grigio, Prosecco, Traminer aromatico, Picolit, Garganega, Verduzzo friulano.

For red wines: Merlot, Cabernet franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot nero, Refosco dal peducolo rosso, Terrano, Schioppettino and the Tazzelenghe.

As autochthone sorts are considered: Picolit, Pignolo, Ribolla, Schioppettino, Tazzelenghe, Terrano, Tocai fiulano, Verduzzo friulano, Sciaglin.

The parasits such as Reblaus, flour rope and Peronospera, brought in in the 19.Jahrhundert from the foreign country, left also in the friulanischen viticulture terrible traces, were nevertheless the autochthonen sorts a little resistant. This century was wine-structurally for Friaul only one tragedy, particularly for the part controlled by Venice. In of the Habsburgermonarchie administered area, essentially the present province could use the viticulture the substantially more efficient national structures insoferne better, than the public administration faced the requirements of the farmer conditions and the entrepreneur shank openly and promoting. This gave the excursion for the beginning of the friulanischen Rebschulen. The Austrian administration could fall back nevertheless to the experiences of the enologischen institutes to Klosterneuburger level. Recommended white wine places was at that time above all the Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot prefers bianco (Weissburgunder) and Pinot grigio (Grauburgunder). By the French red wine places prefers Cabernet Sauvignon, cultivated Cabernet franc and the Pinot Nero (Blauburgunder), not however the Merlot. This, bordolesischen origin is today, together with the white Tocai friulano the main cultivation places. The Merlot only 1880 was introduced, began then however an inexorable triumphant advance. Required today if a Friulaner in its Osteria one "tajut" rosso, a Merlot (della casa) in its glass is with considerable security.

DOCG of wines in Friaul

RamandoloAls Ramandolo classico may be called only the sweet Verduzzo, which originates from the wine gardens of the locality Nimis (northeast from Udine).

DOC of wines in Friaul

Carso, Colli Orientali del Friuli, Colli Goriziano, Friuli Annia, Friuli Aguileia, Friuli Grave, Friuli Latisana, Isonzo, Lison Pramaggiore.

Emilia Romagna

In addition the region well-known for their Parmaschinken and the cheese Parmesan has 58.240 hectars which supplies also the base material for the likewise famous Balsamico vinegar. These culinary benefits place the wine offer clearly into the shade. Only the Lambrusco, which easily foaming red wine of the Emilia, is internationally well-known. In the region Romagna are prevailing the Rebsorten Albana, Sangiovese and Trebbiano. The wines resulting from it are usually easy and simple.

DOCG of wines in the Emilia Romagna

Albana di Romagna

DOC of wines in the Emilia Romagna

Bosco Eliceo, Cagnina di Romagna, Colli Bolognesi, Colli di Faenza, Colli di Imola, Colli di Parma, Colli di Rimini, Colli di Scandiano e di Panona, Colli Piacebti, Lambrusco di Sorbara, Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro, Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce, Pagadebit di Romagna, Reno, Reggiano, Romagna Albana Spumante, Sangiovese di Romagna, Trebbiano di Romagna.

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