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» Personal Loan No Credit Check, Online Economics » Car manufacturer » Topics begins with S » Steyr Daimler Puch


Page modified: Wednesday, July 13, 2011 07:03:07

The Steyr Daimler Puch AG was an important enterprise of the iron-processing industry in Austria into numerous, today independent partial companies is splintered.

History 1938 ago

Germ cell of the Steyr Daimler Puch AG was the 1830 in Steyr of Leopold Werndl created factory for rifles. Josef, son of the firm founder, resumed the enterprise 1869 as a "Austrian armament makers company". Arms production yielded starting from 1894 the building of bicycles and after 1918 of the manufacturing of automobiles. Starting from 1923 the Firmierung of "Steyr works AG" read.

The "Steyr Daimler Puch AG" developed from a fusion of the Austro Daimler AG, the Steyr works AG and the Puch works AG. The fusions took place 1928 between Austro Daimler and the Puchwerken and 1934 with the Steyr works.

To engineers, who worked for the passenger cars production of Steyr Daimler Puch and are considered as pioneers of the Austrian automotive manufacture, among other things Hans Ledwinka (Tatra) belonged, to professor Ferdinand Porsche and Karl Jenschke.Steyr of automobiles became known by sporty successes and material-stressing expedition travels also far over the borders of Austria for its high quality and high-quality processing. The Steyr of automobiles covered mainly exclusive luxury models, it however also isolates lower-priced types built. Most Cabriolets was provided at the famous company in Dresden with bodies.

History from 1938 to 1945

After the connection to the German Reich the Steyr Daimler Puch works were transformed rapidly again to a arms company. During the Second World War arms production with approx. 32,000 persons employed dominates that the realm works Hermann attached enterprises. New factories became in Graz Thondorf (Steiermark) and in pc. Valentin (Lower Austria) establishes. The production range immediately on the production of the German standard rifle, the carbine K 98, expanded, and the development and production of the machine gun mg 42 and the storm rifle StG 44 was taken up.

The catarpillar east developed here was manufactured in 2.600-facher number of items, the truck Steyr 2000A even in the extent of 6.400 pieces. The production of cars - like the Cabriolets and sedans of the series Steyr 200 and Steyr 220 - kept running beside the enormous defense contracts rather besides.

History after 1945

After the Second World War existed a large need at commercial motor vehicles and Traktoren.Das the production range covered for the center of the 1960er years passenger car, truck, jeep, tractors, agricultural machinery, antifriction bearings, hunting weapons, tanks, motorcycles, bicycles and tools. For instance a third of production went into the export. Well-known vehicles were the Haflinger and the Pinzgauer, which were assigned particularly at the Austrian federal army in addition, at numerous foreign armies for many years. The Puch G is identically constructed with Mercedes the G, which is built also in Graz. Only the substantially smaller sales network of Steyr Daimler Puch led to the fact that the vehicle was sold also under the mark Mercedes Benz.

Famous Steyr tank is the armored infantry vehicle of sour produced in numerous versions in many countries is used (Austria, Greece, Cyprus, Africa, etc.), (Austria, Brazil, Morocco, Botswana, Tunesien, Argentina, etc.) and Pandur (Austria, Belgium, Slovenia, the USA, Kuwait, etc.) and ASCOD Ulan (Austria, Spain).

Starting from 1980 the Steyr Daimler Puch AG was the third biggest industrial enterprise of Austria with approximately 17,000 persons employed. Restructuring as well as the paging of parts of production on several follow-up enterprises let this number up to 8.900 in the year 1991 sink.

Separating the production sections starting from 1987

Gradually the individual production sections were sold and/or separated:

  • 1987 separating weapon production into an independent and independent society, the Steyr Mannlicher GmbH & CO kg
  • 1987 sales of the bicycle section were transferred in form of the mark Puch to the Italian Bianchi company of the late by the Swedish bicycle manufacturer Cycleurope A.B.
  • Sales of the antifriction bearing section at SKF
  • 1989 sales of the truck section to the German MAN AG
  • 1990er separating tractors production at Case (late CNH)
  • 1990er separating bus production at Volvo
  • 1998 sales of the production of heavy weapons (Steyr Daimler Puch special vehicle GmbH) by a management Buyout to a Austrian group of investors, which resold it 2003 to the US arms company general Dynamics.
  • 1998 were sold the remainder of the company (vehicle technology, propulsion technology) to the liking well company of the Austrokanadiers franc Stronach, whereby the section propulsion technology was resold to the ZF Friedrichshafen AG.

The remaining Steyr Daimler Puch vehicle technology AG & CO. Kg (SFT) in Graz was merged 2001 with the Magna Europe AG into the MAGNA STEYR AG & CO kg and positioned as independent partial company of Magna international.

Steyr passenger car of models 1920-1941

  • Type II - 12/40 HP, 6 cylinders - (1920-1924)
  • Type IV - 7/23 HP, 4 cylinders - (1920-1925)
  • Type VI Klausen - 19/145 HP, 6 cylinders - (1920-1924,1928)
  • Type VI sport - 15/90 HP, 6 cylinders - (1920-1936)
  • Type V - 2/40 HP, 6 cylinders - (1924-1925)
  • Type VII - 2/50 HP, 6 cylinders - (1925-1929)
  • Type XII - 6/30 HP, 6 cylinders - (1926-1929)
  • Type XVI - 5/70 HP, 6 cylinders - (1926-1929)
  • Type XX - 8/40 HP, 6 cylinders - (1928-1929)
  • Type AUSTRIA - 100 HP, 8 cylinders - (1929)
  • Type 30 - 8/40 HP, 6 cylinders - (1930-1931)
  • Type of 45 Taxameter - (1930-1933)
  • Type Steyr OPEL - 4.5/22 HP, 4 cylinders - (1932) - mentioned "glean"
  • Type 130 = 30 E - 8/38 HP, 6 cylinders - (1932)
  • Type 230 = 30 S - 8/45 HP, 6 cylinders - (1932)
  • Type 330 = 30 SL - 8/45 HP, 6 cylinders - (1932-1933)
  • Type 430 - 8/45 HP, 6 cylinders - (1933-1935)
  • Type 100 - 32 HP, 4 cylinders - (1934-1936)
  • Type 120 - 50 HP, 6 cylinders - (1934-1936)
  • Type 530 - 55 HP, 6 cylinders - (1935-1936)
  • Type 125 = 120 S - 50 HP, 6 cylinders - (1936-1937)
  • Type 200 - 35 HP, 4 cylinders - (1936-1940)
  • Type 50/55 baby - 22 HP, 4 cylinders - (1936-1940)
  • Type 220 - 55 HP, 6 cylinders - (1937-1941)
  • Type 630 - 55 HP, 6 cylinders - (1937-1939)

Steyr truck of models

  • Steyr 380
  • Type 680M

Literature

  • Passenger car Steyr of 1920-1941 (1998) ISBN 3-9500823-1-X

Related links

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