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» Economics » Economist (20. Jh.) » Topics begins with R » Rudolf Agricola (economist)

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Rudolf Agricola (* 29 November 1900 in shop castle; "† 14 January 1985 in grab forest) was a German economist, journalist and a politician.


The son of a cigar manufacturer studies economic science at the Universities of Heidelberg, Freiburg, attaining and at the commercial teacher school in Mannheim. It attains a doctorate 1924 over the topic the relations from bank centers to branches and DEPOSIT cashes, puts 1926 down the exam as a diploma commercial teacher and informs thereafter in Zeitz.

Since 1924 Agricola is member of the SPD and becomes a city delegate von Zeitz. Because the SPD tolerates the austerity policy with emergency decrees of the government in Reichstag, it attaches the left opposition in the SPD and is from 1931 to 1933 member SAP, afterwards it crosses political resistance resistance in the unlawfulness to the KPD, offers during the National Socialist dictatorship in the area Merseburg/resounds, is several times arrested and 1935 to eight years penintentiary because of "preparation to the high treason" condemned. After the release from custody 1943 he works as an accountant in Villingen.

After release by the allied ones 1945 Agricola engages itself in the local government policy in Heidelberg and works as a journalist. It becomes member of the board of the press agency for the American zone (DENA), is a chairman of the local's group of the KPD in Heidelberg and member of the KPD regional-level party council bathing. Together with Hermann Knorr (SPD) and Theodor Heuss (DVP/FDP) Agricola receives on 5 September 1945 the license for the publication of a daily paper, in Heidelberg the Rhine Neckar newspaper (RNZ) is together based. Criticism at restoration and west integration in the three of the Western powers occupied zones and openly expressed doubts about the load-carrying capacity of the democratic development (see quotation) to lead two years later to the fact that the military government of the US-American zone of occupation extracts this license from it on 31 August 1948 again and Agricola changes into the Soviet zone of occupation and a Dozentur at the university resounds assumes.

In becomes Agricola resounds 1948 director of the newspaper-scientific institute, professor for and member of the SED. 1951 it becomes as a successor of the Austrian historian Eduard winters for two years rector of the university. From 1954 to 1956 he works on Institut for economic science of the German Academy of Sciences to Berlin as a specialist for the economic development in the FRG, afterwards as Consul General and an envoy in Helsinki. From 1963 to the retirement 1965 is Agricola professor for and international relations with the nordischen countries and director of the Nordi institute at the University of grab forest.


Who agreed 1933 the enabling act, which would tolerate third realm, in word and writing into the "community" arranged themselves, lines up it today badly to speak of so-called totalitarian democracy in parts of Germany. Democracy is democracy, and the all too-loud advocates of democratic rules are often far in reality from democracy. Because rules and choice technology -, even if there is a German voter company - give still no democracy. Can one take the good democrats, who carried twelve years their ideals in the vest pocket and today agitate the boost for the true democracy and all kinds of socialisms, Can one assume that they fight today better, because under And may one itself the faith hang-evenly that they show in a serious and threatening situation more courage like So the responding may forgive it the author, if skepticism at the place appears. Rudolf Agricola: Democracy Mannheimer mornings 5 June 1948, quotes after Udo Leuschner: '' The new" [[synchronising] ". '']

Work (selection)

  • The present conditions of the economic science in West Germany. German academy of the sciences to Berlin, lectures and writings Bd. 59. Academy publishing house Berlin 1956.

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