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The policy on foreigners regulates obligatorily and legally the relations of a state concerning foreign inhabitants and immigrant in the context of home policy, foreign policy and labor policy. The political discussion takes place usually violently and very emotional. Legal defaults without clear and understandable explanation of the guidelines of sides of the policy and the media for the native population are accepted usually only on a long-term basis and converted by authorities and society.

The Prussian model

The Prussian policy on foreigners to the turn to 20. Century shows clear thing in common regarding employment of aliens, and security politics with the enlisting politics of the Federal Republic of Germany in the immigrant worker phase. The rotation principle facilitated the change of the agrarian state for the German Reich into an industrial nation substantially and moderated the social effects of the transformation on the native ones considerably, since the hardnesses cushioned themselves on migratory workers.

1871 came it to the establishment of the German Reich.

Already 1885 operated the Habsburger monarchy the mass classification foreign Poland from the border regions and issued a Zuwanderungsverbot. Realm chancellor Bismarck instrumentalisierte for the consolidation of its rural conservative government coalition the loud discussed nationalpolitical danger from the east provinces. The safetypolitical fear was based on the danger of a Polish national state, which from Prussia, which could establish tsarist Russia and from Austria Hungary. Calls after re-establishment of a Polish total state became loud since 1848. More low-stored however of Prussia assumption Schlesiens in the year 1742 and the inclusion of the province floats worked in the German Reich despite substantial protests of sides of Poland. Also "the Alvensleben convention "of 1863 ranks among the political prehistory, in which Prussia took part in striking down the January rebellion in the Russian realm. Besides Prussia led a fight against the catholic church, embittered from 1871 to 1885 in Schlesien and floats, and operated resolut the Germanisierung of school and administration.

1873 purged the world economy price for grain and it came to the large depression and thus to the east west migration. The agricultural workers of the ruralen ostelbischen goods pulled to West Germany. There more attractive and above all seasonal wages than in did not lure the domestic agriculture in the course of the industrialization. In the consequence it lacked the large farmers in East Prussia workers. The chance for work iniitierte an intensified Zuwanderung of Poland into the east provinces. In the areas concerned conditions shifted within the population in favor of the immigrants. 1871 amounted to the Polish population portion in the province floats 57.2 per cent, 1910 60.9 per cent, whereby the Polish balance with +41,2 per cent lay the far over growth rate of the Germans with +18,9 per cent, despite the mass classifications 1885. Of Prussia policy on foreigners saw itself demanded to weigh between the safetypolitical concern and the economic interests. The decision fell on anti-Polish, controlled, transnational and seasonal enlisting politics.

1914 amounted to the continental immigration into the German Reich according to official estimations 1.2 million Arbeitsmigranten. Eight of ten this were which immigrated as seasonal workers to the Prussian The most important groups came from Russian central Poland, to smaller extent from the Austrian-Hungarian Galizien, as well as from Italy. The Italian Arbeitsmigranten was however not in the agriculture but particularly in brickyard enterprises, active in the foundation engineering, in the mining industry and in the industriellen production.

Only in the oberschlesischen east areas struggling for miners it was permitted to the Polish-Russian workers to work in the building of coals. Prussia annektierte 1742 since 1526 the Montangebiet Schlesien standing under Habsburger rule and settled it, apart from Upper Silesia, rather closely with German settlers. Schlesiens population consisted 1910 of 1.169.340 Polish (53%), 884,045 Germans (40%) and 154,596 bilingual Einwohnern.Die of GermanPolish miners pulled as Ruhr Poland into the west into the Ruhr district, that them could not prevent Prussia because of their nationality. Without coal as engine of the economy however the industrialization would have come to succumbing.

The direct national interventions caused that the German Reich in the Vorkriegsjahrzehnt developed not from the emigration to the immigration country, but to "the second largest work importing country of the earth "to the USA (Ferenczi).


Articles in category "Policy on foreigners"

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» Passport (document)
» Passport replacement
» Plurez decree
» Policy on foreigners
» Principle of territoriality
» Pushing away detention

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