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» Economics » Explosive » Topics begins with P » Plastiksprengstoff

Page modified: Wednesday, July 13, 2011 15:44:12

Plastiksprengstoffe are a special kind of explosives. They are characterised by their plasticity, are thus soft and kneadable. The term is a wrong translation of the English term plastic explosive; "plastic explosive "would be correct.

PE-808-Plastiksprengstoff, a British Vorkriegserfindung from the "Royal Ordnance Factory" in Bridgewater, consisted at that time of Cyclotrimethylen Trinitramin, a powerful, but sensitive explosive, which the British "Research department explosive one" or RDX called.

A mixture from 91% RDX and 9% plasticizing means resulted in a stable, water and shockproof, cement-similar material, which one could lubricate a great weapon for the resistance in containers or directly on a goal -, ideally to the sabotage of course tracks or other vulnerable goals.

PE 808 was yellow brown and in wax paper coverings by 75x30mm too for each 100g was manufactured. It had a charaktaristischen Marzipangeruch, which caused strong headache with the inhalation ("gelly headache" = "explosive headache"). To the explosion PE was brought to 808 with Composition explosive one (CE) - a TNT fuze and a The cartridge was a 45mm long, thin aluminum tube, which contained Quecksilberfulminat at the closed end. To the open end a (Nr.11) was fastened, which was held by so-called "Crimpers". The fuze consisted of a black powder core, which was encased with water resistant material. It burned with 0.6 meters per minute.

During and briefly after that 2. World war came a whole number of RDX based explosives on (C, C2, C3). C3 was very effective, but with cold weather fragilly. Being based into the 1960er years C4, on RDX, was likewise developed with polyisobutilene and Di (2-ethylhexyl) sebacat as binding and kneading means. Semtex or also Tartex was a further Plastiksprengstoff from the 1960ern; its inventor Stanislav Brebera received it by mixing RDX with PETN and addition from binding and kneading means.

Plastic explosives find among other things with the breakup of steel in Schneidladungen use. The easy management made Plastiksprengstoff from military special-purpose forces, in addition, from terrorists for used explosive. Due to their higher manufacturing costs Plastiksprengstoffe are used rarely in the mining industry or for the production of bombs. For the outline of buildings Plastiksprengstoffe are used hardly, rather however explosives with "more pushing" effect, as for example Ammongelit.

With the production marking materials are added to Plastiksprengstoffen, in order to be able to find these by trackhounds and by detection devices better.

Well-known Plastiksprengstoffe are C4, PENO and Semtex.

See also

  • polymere-bound explosive

Articles in category "Plastiksprengstoff"

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» Pikrylaminodinitropyridin
» Plastiksprengstoff
» Polymere nitrogen

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