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» Economics » Psychological test procedures » Topics begins with O » Operanter motive test

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Julius Kuhl and David Scheffer brought 1999 out the Operanten motive test (OMT). Like the methodically used ACT he investigates the motives of humans, by letting her associate to pictures. Differently than with ACT must one however no whole stories, but only points of pass note. Uses one used the saved time to query more pictures: while submits to the classical ACT of only 6 pictures (because starting from that 7. Picture of the information contents of history strongly decreased), is it with the OMT at least 15. In addition one examines not only in each case one motive, but the three main motives (power, achievement, connection) at the same time. Beside the pictures the following questions stand:

  • What is important for this person in this situation and which does
  • How does this person
  • Why does the person feel in such a
  • How does history go

Since the publication ACT developed itself the motivation theory further and investigated also procedures of the self-control. The OMT considers these new interests: instead of differentiating only only between an avoiding and a visiting variant of a main motive, it knows both passive avoiding and four different kinds of visiting motivation. One differentiates the four visiting variants according to whether positive or negative Affekte steered, and whether internal processes or situative trips were crucial.


Since one would like to seize unconscious, the kind of the motivation is queried by the test participant not as explicitly in questionnaires, but concluded from his answers. One proceeds from the modulation acceptance of the psi theory: If aspect narrowed ("black/white-think") and rigides procedure become visible, on the presence of negative Affekte one closes. If the satisfaction of needs is striven against it in creative and per-social way, one closes the steered on positive Affekte.Um from the incentive-steered variants to to differentiate, looks one for signs of flexibility, creativity and the thing rising motivation, e.g. meeting with the motive for relations, flow experiencing with the motive for achievement, per-social influence possibility with motive for power. If these are missing, then one proceeds from outside trips.

Thus 5 categories result per motive:

  • adjusted positive affect
  • incentive-steered positive affect
  • steered argument with negative affect
  • Accomplishment of negative affect by instrumental acting ("actionism")
  • passive accomplishment of negative affect


In accordance with the manual of the developers the OMT won ACT clearly opposite that at and internal consistency. A Interrater of .85, in the upper and lower quartile of the characteristic value distribution even Cronbachs alpha showed up over .70. Reliable places of work its proponents call uncovering of discrepancies between conscious goals and implicit motives when psychological illnesses and the estimate of the necessity for behavior-correcting measures in the child and youth psychology.


  • Tail-live, Jutta and Heinz: Motivation and acting. Heidelberg 2006.
  • Scheffer, D., Kuhl, J., Eichstaedt, J.: The Operante motive test (OMT). In: Rhine mountain & Stiensmeier Pelster (Hrsg.): Diagnostics of motivation and self concept. Goettingen 2003.

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See also: Motive (psychology), Themati view test, psychological test, psi theory

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