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The panorama of Neapel with Vesuv

Neapel (v. griech. nea polis = new city; ital. Napoli) is to Rome and Milan the third biggest city of Italy and the largest city in South Italies. It is the capital of the region Kampanien. The city has about 1 million inhabitant (the dark number of the not registered persons is very high), together with the suburbs exhibits it as dye about 4.4 million inhabitant. It is to the Campi Flegrei fields) at the gulf of Neapel on half way between Vesuv and another volcanic area. The city has an international airport (Capodichino) and a large sea port.

History

The city became probably by inhabitants of the Greek colony Cumae approximately in 8." Century v. Chr. based, some kilometers from the antique city Partenope removes. From this reason it became Neapolis (griech. new city) mentioned. In the buildings, museums and also in the language are to be found to today traces of all periods of history.

Neapel has to show numerous Katakomben: The most famous is those there of the San Gennaro holy Januarius mentioned, whose miracle of the liquefying dried alleged blood also today still attention is excited, doubted by chemists however and/or naturally explained. The Reliquie, which glass container with the alleged blood, kept in the cathedral of Neapel. One can attend the blood miracle on the first May weekend and on 19 September. In the fortress Castel dell'Ovo became Romulus Augustulus, which eingekerkert last emperors of the Roman realm, after he had been set off 476. In 6. Century Neapel occupied by the Byzantinern in the context of the attempt of Justinian to establish the Roman realm again. In the year 1039 Neapel fell into the hand of the Normannen and became a component of the kingdom of Sicilies.

1224 created Friedrich II. of high baptism the university of Neapel. 1266 were handed over to Neapel and the Kingdom of Sicily by the Pope at Karl I. of Anjou, which became the capital from Palermo to Neapel verlegte.1284 the kingdom in two parts isolated, which raised both the requirement, kingdom by Sicilies to be called. The two parts remained separate up to the year 1816, where they were combined to the "kingdom of both Sicilies".

In 17. Century was Neapel with approximately 450,000 inhabitants the city Europas.Im October 1860 second largest after Istanbul with a Plebiszit the end of the Kingdom of Sicily was proclaimed and the establishment of the State of Italy decided.

See also: List of the rulers of Neapel

Music

From Neapel the widespread Neapolitani people music originates.

Modern one

The 1994 of the Japanese architect Kenzo of seaweeds "centers Direzionale built "are today of Europe largest administrative town center, direct in the heart Neapels.

Partnerships between cities

Neapel maintains partnerships with the following cities.

  • Kagoshima, Japan
  • Baku, Azerbaijan
  • Palestina Nablus, Palestinian autonomy areas

Characteristics

  • Neapel is considered as the place of origin of the Pizza. The oldest Pizzeria existed since 1830 and is called Antica Pizzeria Port'Alba.
  • Since centuries is the city famous for the precious Neapolitani Weihnachtskrippen, for whose traditional production there is still its own lane with workshops in the old part of town (San Gregorio Armeno).
  • As at many places of south Italy a mafiaartige organization exists named Camorra also in Neapel, which is made responsible for black market and road criminality. Different families are lately strengthened involved into gang wars with many victims in this connection.
  • In Neapel a specific neapolitanischer dialect is spoken.
  • Among the most famous Neapolitanern Giambattista Vico, Carlo Gesualdo and Enrico Caruso rank.
  • At the most well-known soccer club Neapels, the SSC Napoli, played Diego Maradona.
  • It is remarkable that Neapel does not possess clear city center, but only small centers (the station, Dante place, the national museum).

Sons and daughters of the city

  • Martino Altomonte, founder of the independent baroque painting in the Austrian area
  • Pietro Bardellino, Italian painter
  • Giovanni Battista Basile, is generally considered as of Europe a first large fairy tale storyteller
  • George Basta, habsburger general
  • Giambattista Vico, Italian historical and right philosopher
  • Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Italian sculptor and architect
  • Bonifatius IX. (Pope), Pope
  • Bonifatius V. (Pope), Pope from 23 December 619 by 25 October 625
  • Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physicist and astronomer
  • Marco Borriello, Italian football player
  • Fabio Cannavaro, Italian football player
  • Michele Carafa, Italian composer of operas
  • Vincenzo Carafa, Italian medal general
  • Ferdinando Carulli, Italian composer and salon guitarist
  • Enrico Caruso, Italian opera singer
  • Scipione Cerreto, composer and musician
  • Luciano De Crescenzo, Schriftsteller
  • (Antonio De Curtis), Italian actor
  • Farinelli, Italian singer (Kastrat) 18. Century
  • Ferdinand IV. (Neapel), king of Neapel, king of both Sicilies
  • Giuliano Figueras, Italian wheel running driver
  • Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian Rennfahrerin
  • Franz I. (Sicily), king by Sicilies and Neapel
  • Franz II. (Sicily), king by Sicilies and Neapel
  • Carlo Gesualdo, Italian prince and composer
  • Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte, Kardinal of the Roman-catholic church
  • Nicolo Grimaldi, napolitanischer singer (Sopran)
  • Innozenz XII., Pope from 1691 to 1700
  • Johanna II. (Neapel), queen of Neapel and of Jerusalem
  • Johannes XXIII. (Gegenpapst), Gegenpapst
  • Luigi lab pool, Italian opera singer (bassist)
  • Leonardo Leo, Italian composer
  • Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer
  • Goffredo Lombardo, Italian film producer
  • Francesco Mancini, Kapellmeister and composer
  • Riccardo Muti, Italian master conductor
  • Achille D'Orsi, sculptor (1845-1929)
  • Giuseppe Patroni Griffi, film director, poet and journalist
  • Carlo Pisacane, and politician
  • Nicola Antonio Porpora, Italian composer and singing teacher
  • Giambattista della Porta, neapolitanischer physician, universal scholar and dramatist
  • Carlo Rossi, Italien|italienisch Russian architect
  • Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet
  • Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer of the baroque
  • Roberto de Simone, Italian composer, theatre man, author, opera director, music scientist, Mythologe and Ethnologe
  • Charles Piazzi Smyth, Scottish astronomer and Esoteriker
  • Bud Spencer, Italian actor
  • Publius Papinius Statius, Latin poet
  • Roberto Tucci, cardinal of the Roman-catholic church
  • Urban VI. (Pope), from 1378 to 1389 Pope
  • Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect
  • Viktor Emanuel III., king of Italy and emperor of Ethiopia
  • Massimo Troisi, Italian actor
  • Pino Daniele, Pop and jazz/Blues singer
  • Paolo di Lauro, Camorra Boss
  • Nino D'Angelo, Pop and hit singer
  • Gigi D'Alessio, one of the most successful Napolitani musicians
  • Literature

    • Dieter judge: Neapel - biography of a city. Publishing house Klaus car brook, Berlin 2005. ISBN 380312509x

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