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Moorlands are water-satisfied soils, which consist of peat. The peat edition must be powerful at least 30 cm. Moorlands are differentiated traditionally according to the water supply with respect to Hochmoore and Niedermoore.

Boggy soils form their own department in German soil systematics, because as with no other soil with their education the raw material develops at the same time. In this department soils with more than 30 cm peat power are summarized, whereby by peat carbon-rich soil types are to be understood, which essentially resulted from the incomplete dismantling of Pflanzenresten. Thus frequently several meters concern powerful humus horizons and at least 30 % organic substance organic soils with. If the peat edition is smaller than 30 cm and/or if the portion of organic substance less than 30 % amounts to, then one speaks of Moorgleyen and/or Anmoorbildungen.

One differentiates the following types with respect to German systematics within the class of the "naturenear moorlands" depending upon its genesis:

  • moorlands and/or Niedermoore affected subhydrische resulted, from reason and/or (mineral soil water)
  • independently of the Grundwasserstand alone rain moorlands and/or Hochmoore nourished developed by precipitation water

After the drainage of the boggy soils secondary soil formations take place. Depending upon duration and intensity of the ventilation due to the drainage as well as frequency of the drainage characteristic structure forms result from Mineralisation and Humifizierung. Soil systematics cover therefore beside the class of the "naturenear moorlands" the class of the "ground connection and Mulmmoore" with the types:

  • Earth down moorland
  • Mulmniedermoor
  • Earth high moorlands

After the international classification of the World Reference cousin for Soil Ressources, briefly WRB, and the American USDA Bodenklassifikation powerful moorlands as well as powerful humus editions of terrestrial soils are called Histosole.

Literature

  • AG SOIL: Bodenkundliche mapping guidance, Hrsg.: Federal Institution for geosciences and raw materials and geological national offices, 4. Aufl., 392 S., 33 fig., 91 Tab., Hanover 1994. ISBN 3-510-95804-7
  • AD-HOC-working group soil: Bodenkundliche mapping guidance, Hrsg.: Federal Institution for geosciences and raw materials in co-operation with the national geological serving star, 5. Aufl., 438 S.; 41 fig., 103 Tab., 31 lists, Hanover 2005. ISBN 3-510-95920-5
  • Flower H. - P., Felix Henningsen P., Fischer W.R. (2002): Manual of the Bodenkunde. Ecomed publishing house, Landsberg, ISBN 3609722320
  • Scheffer F., Schachtschabel P. (2002): Text book of the Bodenkunde. Spectrum academic publishing house. 15. Edition, ISBN 3827413249

Related links

See also

Rain moorland Niedermoor intermediate moorland moorland cultivation moorland colonizing peat Anmoor


Articles in category "Moorland (Bodenkunde)"

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» Mach air
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