[[Picture: Mercosul.PNG|thumb|260px|Die states of the Mercosul/Mercosur:" " " Full members and membership decided associated states in negotiations over association]] MERCOSUR is the abbreviation for Mercado del Sur (Common Market of the south). The Portuguese designation reads MERCOSUL for Mercado Comum DO Sul.
The MERCOSUR assembled by signing of the contract of of 26. March 1991. Concerns here a domestic market with more than 230 million consumers (conditions 2005), which at present covers 12 million square kilometers or approx. 58% of the surface of Latin America, a gross inland product of approx. 735.3 billion dollar, a volume of exports of approx. 55 billion dollar and an import volume of approx. 45 billion dollar.
Members of the Mercosur are:
associated member during the entry process with observer status:
associated states are:
With Mexico the Mercosur took up 2004 discussions on 8 July over an association.
To 8. /9.Dezember 2005 decided membership of Venezuela becomes at the end of of 2006 officially. Up to then the country holds the status of an observer and has thereby in the advice and in the commission talking however no right to vote.
Member of the Mercosur can become according to the Protocolo de Ushuaia sobre Compromiso (minutes of Ushuaia over the democracy) only democratic States of. This regulation is to prevent that the Latin American countries come again back into the dictatorship.
The goals of the Mercosur are in the preamble of the contract of The contract calls as goals:
These goals are to be achieved according to kind 1 of the contract by by the creation of a Common Market by 31 December 1994, which exhibits the following characteristics:
After end is guessed/advised 90's the development of the MERCOSUR something in coming to a hold, in the year 2000 by the member states a new stage of the regional integration was rung in, these called it "Relanzamiento del Mercosur" (restart of the Mercosur). It has as a goal to strengthen the customs union inward and outward.
The governments of the member states underlined therefore the convergence and co-ordination So one wants to achieve a lasting Fiskal and a monetary policy, in order to guarantee the stability of the prices.
The moreover one the Mercosur is to be occupied after this restart with the following subranges intensively:
In connection with the extension and the recess of the confederation of states arise a multiplicity of problems, which obstruct these two processes.
The contract of of 1991 knew only two organs and defined only very in a diffuse way their functions during the transition period to the Common Market. This had the advantage that one had to adhere to no rigid structures, and this simplified a continuous development of the process of integration again. Minutes of Ouro Preto of 1994 completed and concretized the institutional structure of the Mercosur in the sense that it A) new organs created and to b) their characteristics and competencies specified. The kind calls 1 of minutes of Ouro Preto as organs of the Mercosur:
(See illustration 1)
- in planning: A common parliament to at the end of of 2006
The first two organs and the secretariat exist since the signing of the contract. The secretariat did not have however in the contract of yet the status of an organ to separate was in, the GMC assigned, administrative subsidiary organ.
Neither in the contract of nor in minutes of Ouro Preto are the Mercosur summits. The summits are half-yearly meetings of the presidents of the Mercosur states, which take place at the same time with the meetings of the CMC. Since that time the summits resulted of a political initiative and consist from habit away. In kind 6 of minutes of Ouro Preto is thus also the only reference to the summits:
"The advice of the Common Market meets everyone times, if it judges it meaningful, obligating is at least one meeting in the term under the participation of the presidents of the member states. "