The Kufiya (also Kafiya or 'Kefije, Arab: ) a head cloth carried by men is in the Arab world, the so-called "Palestinian cloth "(Palituch). The Arab term is derived from the name of the Iraqi city Kufa. The cloth is carried from Arabs to the protection from the sun.
The Kufiya belonged to the Arab to the traditional Tracht in Kufa and was later in the whole region under the male both and the beduinischen, far common. As far as the end of the Osmani realm the male urban population in the Arab area carried usually for the Turkish Tarbusch (the Fez in such a way specified). During the Arab rebellion at the beginning of the 1930er years tried the Palestinian-Arab national movement under guidance of the Muftis amine aluminium-Husseinis to intersperse the Kufiya also under the - on the one hand as symbol for self-determination and against the colonialism as well as the Jewish settlement, on the other hand, so that the militant ones of the movement in the cities, coming usually from the country, were noticeable less. The Kufiya was besides a symbol of class consciousness, there it by that economically increasingly Fellachen coming into distress, not however from the large basic owners was carried.
The Palestinian students and university graduate under the guidance of Jassir Arafat seized into the 1960ern of this symbol, in order to express so their solidarity with the simple people.
The Kufiya is a square white cotton cloth with an evenly sample. The sample is usually in-colored black or red woven. In addition, there are (fashionable) variations.
Before it is put on, one folds the Kufiya in the diagonals, so that a triangle develops. There are two fundamental kinds, the Kufiya to windings: As Turban, or in the kind, as e.g. Muslim women wear their head cloths. It is fastened with a Agal (also Ogal or Ekal), a kind cord.
Kufiyas gives it in different qualities. While on the European market cheap products (often from Swedish production) dominate, which one can use usually only as Halstuch, one recognizes high-quality Kufiyas by the size and thickness of the cloth and a through-woven sample at the inside.
Off its actual political meaning the Palestinian cloth is used in Germany in the youth culture also gladly as Modeaccessoire without directly political symbol content - which has Kufiya thus introduction into the left or allegedly left Popkultur receives. Most carriers express a rather vague with the scarf.
Carrying the Kufiya became generally accepted in the left scene in and the 80's 70's, in times as far as possible unbroken solidarity with the Palestinian independence fight. With the time this symbol strength decoupled itself of the expression of the concrete PLO solidarity to an expression rather general anti-imperialistic consciousness, until the cloth finally became the accessory for people, which felt somehow "left". At the beginning 21. Century carrying the Palestinian cloth of parts of the left scene and from the spectrum of the anti-Germans criticized, there it as document of identification of an anti-Semitic basic attitude, at least however a statement against the State of Israel applies. Because like other symbols from the political culture that linking is taken up also the Kufiya since end of the 1990er years by neo-Nazis (e.g. see the comrade shank cadres Norman boron DIN, Alexander high lake and Hayo Klettenhofer) as subcultureal indication, which is coded as and is understood as symbol of an anti-Israeli attitude.
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