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Joseph Addison (* 1. May 1672 in Milston, Wiltshire; "† 17. June 1719 in Kensington (London)) were an English poet, politician and a journalist.

Addison was the son of Dekans of the cathedral of Lichfield, Lancelot Addison. After first school attendance in its hometown, he visited the Charterhouse School in Godalming, Surrey. There it got used to itself with the later writer Sir Richard Steele. Subsequently, Addison at the university in Oxford studied. 1699 it terminated its study and still in the same year successfully created it with friends in London the kit Cat club.

End this yearly began Addison its Grand route it four years long by Italy and France led. Only 1703 it returned to Great Britain. It established itself in or with London as a writer. At the same time it applied for a political office, which 1706, with which appointment as the under-secretary of State also Three years later it was promoted to the secretary of lord Wharton and accompanied this to Ireland than governor secretary. 1708 one already appointed Addison the member of the parliament and this remained he to to its end of life.

1707 wrote Addison as reaction to the nonsense of Italian opera texts the libretto for an opera, "pink moon", in mode, those first from Thomas Clayton toned and to 15. March 1707 without success was Addison wrote thereafter no more libretto - however a later Vertonung received from Thomas Arne in the year 1733 applause.

Together with Steele Addison 1709 created the literary-moral weekly revue "The Tatler", which is considered as one of the first weekly magazines. When their appearance adjusted 1711 these, the two still based in the same year "The Spectator". The first expenditure appeared at the 1. March 1711 and the latter on 6 December. As authors among other things the writers Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift are to be called. The third establishment of newspaper was 1713 "The Guardian" (not to confound with the 1821 created and this very day existing British daily paper "The Guardian").

When its drama Cato published 1713 Addison, it inspired thereby Johann Christoph Gottsched, which wrote then 1732 its tragedy the dying Cato.

At the age of 47 years Joseph Addison died on 17 June 1719 in Holland House, Kensington (London). He found its last in the Westminster Abbey.

Works

  • The Christian poet (1728)
  • Cato (1713)
  • The more drummer or the haunted house (1716)
  • The resurrection (1718)

Literature

  • Otten, Robert M.: Joseph Addison. - Boston, measure. : Twayne, 1982. - ISBN 0-8057-6824-6

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