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» Economics » Physician (17. Jh.) » Topics begins with J » Johann Konrad Dippel

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Johann Konrad Dippel (* 10 August 1673 on castle Franconia stone (mountain route); "† 25 April 1734 on lock Wittgenstein with Berleburg) was a German theologian, Alchemist and a physician, who led also the aliases Christianus Democritus, Ernst Christian small man and Ernst Christoph small man.


It studied first theology, philosophy, medicine and Alchemie in pouring (1693 Magister). Afterwards it was active as house teachers.

The acquaintance with Gottfried Arnold 1697 led to the turn to the Pietismus. It publishes popular disputations against the Orthodoxie.

To a failed attempt in Wittenberg too received it went to place as a private lecturer to Strasbourg. it lived 1704 to 1707 in Berlin and then until 1714 in Holland, where it attained a doctorate and was successfully active as a physician. 1714 to 1717 it lived in Altona where it because of a slandering of a high official to lifelong detention was condemned. From the detention it became 1726 to dismiss.

In its last Lebensjahren it lived on the lock of the count Casimir to Sayn Wittgenstein Berleburg. Bestattet it became in ev. the church bath Laasphe, the seat of the counts at that time von Sayn Wittgenstein Hohenstein.

That well ten years later in the Hilchenbach Johann Heinrich young Stilling grown up lying in close proximity to Berleburg set the following monument, which might characterize D. applicable for it: "Dippel was a large head, at the same time however inflexibly, proudly, up-striving, and a biting Tadler; he was not afraid anything in the whole far world; it seems that he would have become gladly a clergyman, and me kommts so forwards, as if he would have turned in this conditions the lowest to Colonel [...] he connected thus the mystische moral with the faith teachings of our newest theology, and beside still with a great deal crickets. That was in that wunderlicher mixing machine! "(Young Stilling, Theobald or the all writings Bd. VI, 1837, P. 30 f. 33)


As a scientist he regarded the Alchemie as a serious science, which was not to be exercised "in the secret one ". He discovered the ethereal oil designated after him (Dippels animal oil), which was used as cure. 1704 it improved the prescription of the coloring material citizen of Berlin blue discovered by Heinrich these brook in Berlin.

1697 it turned, under the influence of the writings Jakob supported coined/shaped by Gottfried Arnold, the Pietismus too, certainly strongly from it own the individualism and its It increased the pietistische conception of the Wiedergeburt up to the self release by substantial transformation as consequence of the Wiedergeburt. The dogma tables statement of deputy suffering Christi (in particular in the form of the Satisfaktionslehre) of the Anselm of Canterbury likewise a goal of its sharp attacks became like the church-friendly Pietismus. The fact that its contentious and occasionally polemische kind applied beside it for the fight of the Orthodoxie like the philosophical Determinismus understands itself nearly automatically. In the center of his thinking the liberty of the individual was located. Therefore it rejected also the Determinismus Hobbes and Spinozas.

He is a first author, who brought the term "enlightened up "into the literature: "Nemlich the enlightened and illuminated sought to hunt mind ago/by the Bible the right of nature/and if to them this hypocritical notice had succeeded it to endeavor in such a way/the Bible/by their illuminating even-moderately drive out/thus it/if such means those humans from the hands were gedrehet a Dominats the more surely over Selbige anmassen "Hanns Johann Ehlen: '' New finds for the history of the word "enlightened" ''. Up:


Its opponents tried through polarize-mix exaggerations his call to undermine. That led to legends, which are partly this very day kolportiert. Thus experiments with corpses were after-said possibly to him (it concerned thereby autopsies). On the castle castle Franconia stone it accomplished alchemistische attempts with nitroglycerin, which is used depending upon dosage as explosive or medicine. During an experiment it came to an explosion, which destroyed the tower of the castle. First one accepted, Dippel with this misfortune around the life came, but some he dipped time later in the Netherlands. There he takes an examination as a physician. When despite successfully existed examination the permission should be refused to it, it referred to it that it had discovered the medical effect of nitroglycerin, and was recognized.

From this also (disputed) the acceptance of the hessian homeland researcher explains itself walter cross-eyed one from the year 1999 that Dippel is the historical model for Mary Shelleys book Franconia stone or the modern Prometheus W. cross-eyed one, castle Franconia stone: Myth, truth, legend, Frankfurt, ISBN 3-7973-0786-1.


  • Orcodoxia orthodoxorun or the wrong truth and true lie of the thoughtless and eager Lutheraner (1697), a popular disputation
  • The Pabsttum at the blind advocates of the people statutes in protesting Kirch (1698), a popular disputation
  • Wine and oil into the wounds of the Pabsttums (1698), a popular disputation
  • Innocence and Nothwendigkeit of the right of nature and its theory against the procedure of the AUTHORIS of the light and right/dargethan of a lover of the truth. (1704), from this is the quotation indicated above
  • Fatum fatuum
(1708) against Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza arranged writing to the free will
  • Open way to the peace with God and with all creatures by the publication of the all writings of the Christianus Democritus (1709, this of it procured total expenditure are incomplete. Complete reprint, Bd. I-III, Berleburg 1747
  • The bright gloss of the Evangelio Jesu Christi or draft of the welfare order in 153 questions (1727), cleaned by the nebulas of the confusion, a Katechismus
  • Vera demonstratio evangelica, which is, in nature in the nature of the thing so probably, as in holy writing of created Beweiss of the teachings and the intermediary office a Jesu Christi (1729)
  • Literature in selection

    • W. Bender, J.C.D., the free spirit from the Pietismus, 1882
    • W.Diehl, new Beitr. z. Gesch. D.s (Beitr. z. hess. Kg of 3, 1908, 135-184)
    • Martin Schmidt, participation to Nature, in: Festschr. f. Paul Althaus, 1958
    • Karl Ludwig Voss, Christianus Democritus. The people picture with J.C.D. an example christl. Anthropology zw. Pietismus and clearing-up, Diss. Marburg), 1968 = ZRGG, Beih. 12, 1970
    • Johannes barrier man, the Pietismus, 2005


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