A head cloth is a piece material, with which the head is covered. A head cloth can be carried for various reasons: for example to the protection from the weather (cold weather, heat, desert wind) or thus the hair with the work does not disturb, in addition, as Zierde or as fashionable accessory. In some cultures the head cloth possesses religious meaning. The head cloth can be also a dress code, which serves the identity formation.
Head cloths are carried with priority by women and children, but there are also head cloths for men. Particularly for small children the protective function of head cloth or another head coverage is important.
Carrying of head cloths was at least regionally usual into the 1970er and 1980er years and corresponded the mode. Later other articles of clothing displaced like for example hats or caps the head cloth to a large extent. Further head cloths are carried with priority today for religious and traditional reasons.
To displacing the head cloth it contributed that many did without for fashionable reasons head coverages of any kind with strong sun or large cold weather.
In the today's Christianity one knows the head cloth as part of the catholic medal clothes with medal sisters.
Head cloths are beside it only with Kirchbesuchen of women in some few Protestant evangelikalen free churches in Germany; however otherwise in the everyday life, occupation and private life by women in free churches more for religious reasons are only rarely carried.
Covering the head during the prayer until before approx. 100 years still in many Christian churches one practiced. In isolated brother municipalities and Apostoli Pfingstgemeinden and in the municipalities of the baptistischen evacuees from the former Soviet Union many women to today their head cover with the prayer and refer here to the Bible place from 1. Korinther 11:5 "a woman however, prays there or says with uncovered head, violates its head." In some orthodox churches women and medal sisters carry with the attendance of the church a Habit with a head coverage.
Many conservative or traditionally connected or Muslim women originating from traditional families wear a head cloth not only with the mosque attendance but also in the everyday life, a Tschador in such a way specified (Persian) or Hidschab and/or Hijab (Arab), as part of faith practice.
The reason for carrying a head cloth by women results for conservative and traditionally connected Muslims from the Koran, Sure 24:31, which calls women in addition, their attractions - so far they are not normally visible - before men, who to them related or married are not, to hide. The Koran speaks here of the fact that "her their garb over their chest to pull to be supposed and their head to cover be supposed".
In contrast to this liberally coined/shaped or politically left-oriented Muslims do not interpret this place in the Koran as obligation to wear a head cloth. In particular in the recent generation of the Islamic women in Europe the head cloth does not become increasingly than an obligation angsegen, which results from the Koran.
The Islamic head cloth is not common also in all Muslim countries: in central Asia and/or the former Soviet republics it is only limited carried, ebendso in Indonesia and in west Africa is the head cloth in Islamic countries more rarely to be found.
In addition, the garb used women at that time for the exit, it, designated in the Koran, marks a head coverage. Additionally reports are consulted over the life of the prophet Mohammed. The majority of the Korangelehrten refers also to Ibn Abbas, a way companion Mohammeds, which to have said is that "which is normally visible "itself to "face and refers hands "these therefore not to be covered not to have. A smaller number of Muslims teaches however that the women must veil themselves completely, what evenly also the face and also includes the hands.
With the Aleviten, the women do not wear a head cloth to their own religious community. In that laizistisch and Muslim a head cloth prohibition in public institutions and at the university even exists coined/shaped Turkey for teachers, pupils and students. This national prohibition in Turkey was maximumjudicially confirmed. To 17.05.2006 in Ankara a judge was shot, who belonged to this court.
A particularly extreme form of the masking head cloth for women is the Burka and/or Burqa, which hides even the eyes behind a net. This had been usual in Afghanistan under the Taliban regime. A further frequently spread version in the Near East is the combination of head cloth (Hidschab) and Niqab, whereby an additional face veil is carried here or the head cloth is put over the face. The eyes of the remain free and/or only by light material layers are veiled.
The head cloth requirement is according to more conservative/traditional interpretation of the Korans, which would protect the Muslim women. It is to contribute to mutual respectful handling of the men and women. Mutual lowering of the view between men and opposite women stands for it (Sure 24:30). Critics see this lowering the view however often obeyed with far less reproduction than the head cloth requirement.
The head cloth and its symbol content with Muslim women is a central component of the head cloth controversy.
In Germany the Federal Constitutional Court judged that a head cloth prohibition for teachers at schools only on the part of the individual Lands of the Federal Republic will issue could. From this possibility Lands of the Federal Republic make meanwhile use.
In the orthodox Judentum married women cover their hair for religious reasons with a cloth or a
Women from the Indian area (Hindus) often carry a Sari, whereby the hair is likewise covered with a long piece material.
Men of the like the Tuareg, Peul, Tukulor and Mauretanier, cover the head with cloth and face veil - often in Turbanform.Der Turban of the Tuareg, which live as Berbervolk nomadisch in the States of Algeria, Libya, the Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso and Nigeria, is called Schesch. It consists of a rectangular Stoffbahn, which is long between four and ten meters. Contrary to the female masking by Burka and Tschador, the face of the man is disguises in the traditionally matriarchalisch coined/shaped society of the Tuareg. Art-fully the face veil is wound around the head - only the eyes remain free. The head coverage protects against sun, wind and sand, has however also the function to cover the mouth as impure body opening.
In the Arab area men carry as usual head coverages the Kufiya in red white or for black-and-white examined or in-colored way.
In western countries is occasionally the Bandana or volume Anna (dt of Hindi bandhana. "bind") as fashionable accessory or as protection from solar radiation, which is carried in the kind of a Piraten Kopftuchs.
There is mainly cultural (for example on the climate are based) and religious background, which speak as motivation for carrying a head cloth, from different motives, but as part of the identity of the carriers and carrier inside. One knows something similar from the male Sikhs and their mandatory Turban.
In Germany carried as far as recently many women the head cloth from tradition. A head cloth, black, colored, often also splendourful embroidered, belonged to many traditional Trachten. Today one sees however only very rarely an elegant lady, who carries a noble silk cloth as head cloth.
Culturally the meaning of the head cloth and/or the veil was underlaid in all parts of the world for a strong change. Apart from the practical use it served also the demarcation between social classes and the representation of the life situation. At present is tried to instrumentalisieren the head cloth as political symbol see in addition the article head cloth controversy.
The head cloth (bandana) was taken over just like that pajamas or the grief federation by Europe made of India and enjoyed of large popularity.
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