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» Economics » Sheet mushrooms » Topics begins with H » Hallima

Page modified: Wednesday, July 13, 2011 15:19:42
:Stand mushrooms (Basidiomycetes)
:Hat mushrooms (Agaricomycetidae)
:Sheet mushrooms (Agaricales)
:Schwindlingsartige (Marasmiaceae)
:Hallima (Armillaria)
Scientific name
(Fr.) Staude
EN (selection)
  • Common Hallimasch (A. mellea)
  • Dark Hallimasch (A. ostoyae)
  • Yellow-flaky Hallimasch (A. gallica)
  • Keuliger Hallimasch (A. of cepistipes)
  • Northern Hallimasch (A. borealis)

Hallima (Armillaria) exists in Central Europe in several, with difficulty distinguishable kinds and/or small kinds. One speaks here also of an aggregate, a Hallimaschkomplex. The clearly recognizable "wattige" ring (lat. Armilla = bracelet) at the handle, which runs however in maturing by, is common to all kinds influences of the weather and snail-ate be lost can.

For the origin of the German name "Hallimasch" there are different contradictory data: Once he is to come from "welfare in the ass" because of its allegedly kurativen effect with Another etymologische interpretation derives it from in the ass", since Hallima in the raw or insufficiently cooked condition possesses a strongly exhausting effect.

In each case the mushrooms in raw condition are poisonous. Also occasionally, despite correct preparation, incompatibility reactions can occur. (E.g. 8 min. long) refined Hallima is thorough however in many areas, e.g. the northeastItalian Venezien, on which area of former Czechoslovakia liked and recently in the area Basel much, in hundredweight quantities collected and marketed Speisepilze.Eine further characteristic Hallima is their ability to the Bioluminiszenz, i.e. the Pilzmyzel, and in particular freshly of the Myzel through usury width unit wood, can produce - in complete darkness with the naked eye well recognizably - by chemical processes a cold shining: "Bright wood".

From most other kinds of mushroom Hallima differs also by the education from Rhizomorphen. Those are root-similarly sklerotisierte from thousands of white Hyphen with an isolating black external layer. Under the crust of stricken trees these flat black "tying lacing things" can be easily discovered. With the help of these Rhizomorphen, which can grow annually up to three meters also in the soil, Hallima strongly and seizes spreads healthy trees in their range on. Hallima ranks among the most dangerous forest parasits, since they are not discriminating also in the choice of their landlords. They can settle the very most wood (leaves and resinous wood, all possible tropical plan day trees up to even vines, Brombeeren and even potatoes). Often e.g. by or bark beetle before-damaged trees are preferred. It is interesting that these aggressive mushrooms in a symbiosis "restrain" a small, tender and chlorophyllose kind of boy herb in Japan are able.

The largest organism of the

In the year 2000 the Myzel of a Hallimaschart (A. ostoyae) in the Malheur, discovered due to a puzzling forest dying, national Forest (Oregon, the USA) was called because of its expansion of over 1.2 square kilometers, that calculated age of at least 2400 years and its measures of approx. 600 tons the largest well-known organism of the earth. There are however probably still more expanded existence klonal increasing plants such as reed, bilberry, bamboo which exhibit a larger total weight.

The largest Hallimaschklon (also A. ostoyae) Europe was discovered 2004 in Switzerland with the furnace passport. It is in the diameter 500 - largely, a surface of 35 hectars covers and is about 1000 years old 800 m.


  • The hat is brownish to honey yellow, with dark, shrub leagues and haarigen and remains for a long time rolled up during growth at the edge. Gladly mushroom beetles are in this protected cavity. These lead to "unappetizing" marks on the lamellas.
  • The lamellas are white to reddish yellow.
  • Up to fifteen the centimeters long, yellowish-brown handle is often curved because of shrub leagues of stepping out.
  • Occurrence: The Hallimascharten is world-wide common in moderate to tropical zones.
Rhizomorphe of the HallimaschArmillariella mellea

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Articles in category "Hallima"

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» Hallima
» Hoar frost mushroom
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