Gustav Nachtigal (* 23 February 1834 in calibration EDT (old Mark) with (Stendal); " 20 April 1885 before the coast of west Africa) was a German Africa researcher.
Nachtigal, son of a minister, studied medicine in grab forest and became 1858 Prussian army surgeon in Cologne. It was actively with the Corps Palomarchia resounds and Nassovia peppering castle. Later it acquired the loop of the Corps Pommerania grab forest. It got sick with Tuberkulose and went for recovery to North Africa. First it lived in Algeria, starting from 1863 in Tunis, where it participated as a field physician in the campaign against the insurgent trunks of the Maghreb and became following at the yard in Tunis body physician of the Beys. Here he learned also Arab
1868 met Nachtigal the researcher Gerhard Rohlfs, which had been assigned 1868 by king William I. of Prussia the delivery of gifts at the Sultan of Bornu in today's Nigeria. Rohlfs transferred this task at Nachtigal. Fallow on 17 February 1869 from Tripoli up, the Sahara crossed, was in Fessan and went then into the area of the Tibbu entered before by no white one, the country Tibesti. The there living Tedas threatened Nachtigal however with death and robbed it out, so that he had to flee after Murzuk, where he spent then the winter.
In July 1870 it reached Kuka, the residence of the Sultans of Bornu, and presented to this the gifts of the Prussian king. Nachtigal bereiste thereafter the areas of Kanem and Borku and returned in January 1872 again to Kuka. Whereupon it turned after Bagirmi and into at that time still existing heath landscapes, which were appropriate south for the city. After it had returned in the autumn 1872 again to Kuka, Nachtigal traveled to the river Chari (in today's Chad) and from there far to the sultanate Wadai (eastern Chad). In the summer 1873 it traveled from the capital Abeschr up to the southern national border and arrived 1874 first into the Sultanate of Darfur and in the summer 1874 into the Sultanate of Kordofan. He learned on the way further regional languages. Finally Nachtigal Khartum reached, the capital of the Sudan. From here it traveled along the Nile to Cairo (Egypt) and returned finally 1875 to Germany. Nachtigal wrote the results down of its journeys in Berlin. It received numerous honors and as a chairman of the society for geography and the African society was used. 1882 were appointed Nachtigal by realm chancellor Otto von Bismarck the Consul General in Tunis and the realm-assigned for Togo and Cameroon.
To its service in Tunis Nachtigal went in the spring 1884 as an imperial commissioner to the coast from upper Guinea and set the German flag on 5 July 1884 on the area of Togo country (today Togo and/or subsection of Ghana). On 14 July it placed Cameroon "under German protection", later the acquisitions in southwest Africa.
It was again briefly in Cameroon; with the return journey to Europe it got sick with Tuberkulose and died on 20 April 1885 at the "sea gull". On 21 April 1885 he was buried at cape Palmas. 1888 was transferred its mortal remnants to Cameroon, where with the former a monument was established to it.
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