Garo (jap. was a Japanese Manga magazine, which was created 1964 and appeared monthly. It was characterised particularly by its alternative and experimental Manga publications.
The magazine was created in July 1964 by Katsuichi Nagai, because the category of the Gekiga, realistic Manga for an adult readership, became ever more successful. The Gekiga draughtsman Sanpei Shirato helped Nagai with the establishment of the magazine and published there from the first expenditure to its success work Kamui that (with Carlsen Kamui Gai that is published by the same draughtsman under the name Kamui), which played in feudalen Japan and was socialcritically put on. The magazine was designated also after a figure out Kamui that.
The first expenditure from Garo appeared in September 1964 in the B5-Format with 130 sides and cost 130 Yen. It had an edition of 8.000 copies.
Beside Gekiga like Kamui that Garo dedicated itself to also new, young Manga draughtsmen, who did not receive a chance from other magazines on a publication. So for example Yoshiharu Tsuge, which exhibited particularly auto+biographic and surrealistische courses in its Manga. By evenly those artists the magazine found fast to attention and as singular was recognized.
The magazine had starting from the 1960ern a so large influence that the Manga pioneer Osamu Tezuka created 1967 his own experimental magazine, the COM.
1971 had Garo its highest edition with 80.000 pieces for each expenditure. Into the 1980ern the popularity of the magazine sank however, in the middle of the 1980er amounted to the edition number only 5.000. When the founder of the magazine, died Katsuichi Nagai, 1996, the magazine seemed to adapt ever to more the commercial taste, why some authors changed to other magazines such as AX. Beginning of the 2000er was finally stopped the Garo.