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The garden cemetery in Hanover was set 1741 and lies on the 1749 built garden church. Cemetery and church were designated here after that resident garden municipality outside of the city wall ring before the Aegidientor. The cemetery, that this very day a multiplicity of klassizistischer grave monuments particularly from the 1. Half 19. Century accommodated, 1864 were closed with plant of the new city cemetery Engesohde. It is today in the middle a park convenient in the city center of Hanover. The graves of Charlotte Kestner, Urbild of Goethe "Lotte" from "value ago", the Astronomin Caroline Herschel and the painter the Johann Heinrich RAM mountain to be found in order to call only the three most important, are here. The garden cemetery lies to the Marienstrasse, between and Arnswaldtstrasse.

History

The names "garden cemetery" and "garden church" point 18 to the emergence of the municipality and its cemetery from the garden municipality. Century. The today's hannoversche quarter "southern part of the town" lay at that time before the Stadtmauer and before the Aegidientor and by the so-called "garden people" predominantly for field and vegetable growing one used. These vegetable farmers, because of its simple dwellings, the "Katen", also "Gartenkosacken" (Kosacken = Verballhornung of "Kothsassen") mentioned, supplied with its products the city Hanover. For this population of the garden suburb the city Hanover 1741 put on the "new Kirchhof before the Aegidientor". 1746-49 were built by Johann Paul Heumann also (later so mentioned) the garden church, a simple hall church with a ridge turret, which had to yield 1887-91 a new building of the architect Eberhard Hillebrand. At the beginning 19. Century the cemetery was used however not only by the garden people, but also by the civil population of the center 18. Century delighted, close convenient "Aegidien Neustadt", the families of the officials, military, Ministers, professors and yard advice, about which this very day the labels of the gravestones witness. These grave marks represent straight this civil layer of the "pretty families" at their artistic expenditure of klassizistischen style elements, as it meant on The grave symbols of this time such as urn, itself the queue (=Unendlichkeit), butterfly (=Metamorphose), biting into the tail, and extinct torch/flare are to be discovered in various variations on the garden cemetery. To say nothing of such marvelous "total grave works of art" like the gravestone with and Palmetten for Charlotte Kestner or the Steinsarkophag of the count von Kielmannsegge, carried sketched by George Ludwig Friedrich Laves, by four Sphingen.

For years the cemetery was exposed the 1950er to strong purge, above all which concerns the gravestones from sandstone and the iron enclosure lattices. Air pollution, in addition, Vandalismus and (to today continuous) the abuse of the cemetery as dog toilet contributed the their to it. Since the old cemetery fence had been melted during the Second World War, since 1984 the former lattice of the channel bridge was shifted in the hannoverschen quarter Vinnhorst here and installed as fence. Common efforts of different cultural associations led finally to the safety device and repreparation of the plant. Thus now also a bronze orientation board in the input area, in the middle of the 90's offers thank-worth-proves donated the most important grave monuments still received from the Rotary club Hanover line lock, the possibility of a Rundgangs over the cemetery along. The numbers on this board are identical to those in the Heftchen worth reading of the green area office (see below: Literature).

Grave monuments (selection)

The numbers correspond to the orientation board on the spot (s.o.)

  1. Ernst August Rumann (1745-1827), secret advice, Justizminisiter
  2. Rudolf William Rumann (1784-1857), director of city
  3. Christian Philipp Iffland (1750-1835), mayors
  4. Johann Philipp Conrad Falcke (1724-1805), Kanzleidirektor, and Ernst Friedrich Hector Falcke (1751-1809), senior counsel and mayor
  5. August Ulrich of hard mountain (1709-1778), secret advice
  6. George Friedrich Grotefend (1775-1853), head master, Entzifferer of the cuneiform script
  7. Load-eternally Johann George Mejer (1737-1802), yard advice
  8. Load-eternally Friedrich of becoming baggy joke (1726-1796) and Magdalene Sophie Friederique of becoming baggy joke, geb. of Kipe (1740-1801)
  9. Claus of the covers (1742-1826), Ministers, and Sophie of the covers, geb. of Hanstein (1757-1798)
  10. Johann Benjamin Koppe (1750-1791), Hofprediger
  11. Heinrich Andreas Jakob Lutz (1728-1764), yard master carpenters
  12. Johann Christoph Salfeld (1750-1829), Prediger
  13. Heinrich Philipp Sextro (1746-1838), professor and abbott
  14. Carl Klop (1805-1840), minister at the garden church
  15. Carl Rudolph Adolph count von Kielmannsegge (1731-1810), Ministers
  16. IDA Arenhold (1798-1863), first Vorsteherin of the Friederikenstifts
  17. Johann Daniel RAM mountain (1733-1820), yard advice
  18. Johann Heinrich RAM mountain (1763-1840), painters
  19. Christian Heinrich Tramm (1819-1861), architect
  20. Heinrich Bernhard (1776-1835), buyer
  21. Caroline Herschel (1750-1848), Astronomin
  22. Johann Anton Lammersdorff (1758-1822), physician
  23. Friedrich William Christian von Dachenhausen (1791-1855), founders of the tradesman's union
  24. Christoph Ludwig Albrecht Patje (1748-1817), civil servants
  25. Ludwig Albrecht Friedrich William Gottfried of Werlhof (1818-1836)
  26. Ernst August von Werlhof (1778-1857), secret advice
  27. Friedrich Krancke (1782-1852), mathematics teachers
  28. George Wilding prince of Butera Radali (1790-1841)
  29. Charlotte Kestner (1753-1828)
  30. George Ludwig Compert (1797-1859), national's building masters
  31. Christian Ludwig August von Arnsswaldt (1733-1815), Ministers
  32. Henriette Juliane Caroline of (1756-1782)
  33. George Charlotte from over there (1764-1828), director of upper post office
  34. Eberhard load-eternally realm baron von Gemmingen Hornburg (1719-1782), Ministers
  35. George William Ebell (1696-1770), abbott to Loccum, founder of the Landschaftlichen fire cash (grave plate at the internal south wall of the garden church)
  36. Ernst Anton holy (1729-1803), yard advice, old part of town mayor

Literature

  • Alfred wagoner: The garden cemetery in Hanover in historical and art-historical meaning. In: Hannover people calendar. Jg. 62 (1931), P. 45-51.
  • Arnold The art monuments of the province Hanover. 1: Governmental district Hanover. Number 2: City Hanover. Part 1: Monuments of the "old" city Hanover. Hanover 1932, P. 192-200.
  • Hinrich Hessian: The grave inscriptions of the Gartenkirchhofs in Hanover. In: Magazine of the society for church history of Lower Saxony. Jg. 44 (1939), P. 235-290. (The most detailed listing of the grave inscriptions before that 2. World war: 450 graves were taken up by the author.)
  • Gerhard judge: The garden cemetery in Hanover. In: Hannover historical sheets. N.F. Bd. 38 (1984), P. 53-76. ISSN 0342-1104 (- promoted by the donation Volkswagenwerk - the investigation and inventory collection of the garden cemetery nearly a half century after H. Hessian resulted in only 402 grave monuments.)
  • Waldemar R. Of of Hanover old cemeteries. In: Stories around of Hanover churches. Studies, pictures, documents. [Hrsg.:] Hans's Werner Dannowski and Waldemar R. Hanover: Luther house publishing house 1983, P. 97-102 (also over the garden cemetery). ISBN 3-87502-145-2
  • Helmut Knocke, Hugo Thielen: Hanover. Art and culture encyclopedia. Manual and city leader. 3. , rev. Aufl. Hanover: Shepherd 1995, P. 149.
  • The garden cemetery. Text: Inge Pusch (among other things). Hanover: Office for green area of the state capital 1997.

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