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Friedrich they castle (* 18. May 1893 in old person well/sour country; "† 19 July 1964 in was a German journalist, writer and a literary critic.

Life

Origin

Friedrich they castle originated from a buyer family. It visited first the six-form high school in Altena, thereafter a High School in Duesseldorf. As first poems were printed of it in the message.

Study

1912 it began the study of philosophy, history, literature and political economy in Heidelberg, Munich and Freiburg. 1919 attained a doctorate to they castle in in literature science (topic: The degrees of the lyric figuration. Contributions to an aesthetics of the lyric style). Among its university teachers max webers and Friedrich Gundolf ranked. In addition it maintained connections to the George circle. In the First World War it stood first as an infantryman, starting from 1916 as a flier officer in the employment.

Journalist and free writer

1919 to 1923 lived they castle as free writers in Berlin, were trailer of the revolution and dedicated to pink Luxembourg poem volume. They castle wrote in this time film and theatre criticisms. From 1925/26 it was active as a journalist for the Frankfurt newspaper in Copenhagen and became in May 1926 their foreign correspondent in Paris. In this period also its most well-known book God in France developed (1929). 1930 to 1932 it was Auslandskorrespondert London.

1929 published they castle an article in the young-conservative monthly magazine the act, which one may evaluate as break with the left liberal general line, which distinguished the Frankfurt newspaper. 1932 published also some articles in the daily one round-look, which was led like the act by Hans Zehrer, its working toward a transverse front alliance between "link" national socialists around Gregor Strasser, trade unionists and Social Democrats for prevention realm chancellor Adolf Hitler von Sieburg were supported. In its book it becomes Germany, which it in November 1932 abgeschloss, that could appear however only after Hitler's seizure of power, it moved, like his friend Carl Zuckmayer 1944 in its secret report judged itself, on a "very dangerous and completely blurred border - between nationalism, criticism "of the liberal of thinking" and political In addition however also the decided refusal of the Antisemitismus belonged, why the book 1936 was forbidden.

The so-called seizure of power of Hitler disapproved they castle in letters to the publisher Heinrich Simon, for whose Frankfurt newspaper it was from 1933 to 1939 again as foreign correspondent in Paris active. For authoritarian regime such as Portugal and Japan he found new Portugal (1937) and the steel flower (1939) in the books appreciative words. 1940 were appointed they castle in the German foreign one service. In a late speech also printed France more d'hier et de demain before the Groupe Collaboration in March 1941 avowed they castle, he was educated by the life in France to the fighter and to the national socialist. After the NSDAP Mitgliederkartei placed it on 9 April 1941 at the NSDAP organisation abroad a request for admission into the NSDAP, which was granted on 1 September 1941. After one in they castle deduction delivered letters this request was however only submitted on 9 April 1942 and rejected on 28 November 1942. So far did not succeed clearing this discrepancy up.

1942 returned they castle to Germany and worked again for the Frankfurt newspaper up to its prohibition 1943. Afterwards it changed to the stock exchange newspaper and was honour companion of marshal Henri Philippe

Literary critic and Frankophiler

After end of war, which it saw in they castle was occupied by French crew power with a publication prohibition (1945-1948). 1948 he became co-editor of the weekly newspaper the present and began his activity as a literary critic. In its books concerning France it dissociated now strongly from the national socialism, took themselves distance from a German special consciousness and praised the modern French literature. Since 1956 for the Frankfurt general newspaper actively, he was up to its death one of the most important time and literary critics of Germany. In particular they castle makes, are considered masterful narrations, in which it anticipates the criticism sovereign in the text, and thus any locking argumentation redundant as unsurpassed.

Works (in selection)

  • The release of the road, poems, Kiepenheuer 1920
  • God in , publishing house 1929
  • The red arctic, "Malygins" empfindsame journey, publishing house 1932
  • It becomes Germany, publishing house 1933
  • Poland, legend and reality, publishing house 1934
  • Robespierre, publishing house 1935
  • New Portugal, portrait of an old country, publishing house 1937
  • African spring, a journey, publishing house 1938
  • View by the windows, from 10 years France and England, publishing house 1939
  • The steel flower, a journey to Japan, publishing house 1939
  • Of France red children, Wunderlich 1949
  • Black-and-white magic, over the liberty of the press, Wunderlich 1949
  • Our most beautiful years, a life with Paris, Wunderlich 1950
  • Which never grows silent, meetings, Wunderlich 1951
  • Loved distance, the most beautiful years other part
, Wunderlich 1952
  • The desire at the fall, self discussions on federal level, Rowohlt 1954
  • Chateaubriand, romance and politics, DVA 1959
  • Hero and victim, 5 historical miniatures, island 1960
  • Napoleon, the 100 days, Ullstein 1987, ISBN 3-548-37054-3
  • To the literature, 1924-1956, hrsg. by Fritz J. Raddatz, Ullstein 1987, ISBN 3-548-37061-6
  • To the literature, 1957-1963, hrsg. by Fritz J. Raddatz, Ullstein 1987, ISBN 3-548-37062-4
  • Literature

    • Cecilia of Buddenbrock: Friedrich they castle (1893-1964). Un journaliste all and l'preuve you Paris: de Paris 1999. ISBN 2-85162-023-1
    • Tilman ruffle: With France against German special consciousness. Friedrich they castle ways and transformations in this century. Berlin: Akad. - Verl. 1993. ISBN 3-05-002385-6
    • Monika Miehlnickel: Feuilletonisti language and attitude with Friedrich they castle and Sigismund of Radecki. Berlin: Univ. Diss. 1962.
    • Gunther nickel: The devil journalist - "most more complicated and a nearly tragic case". Friedrich they castle, Carl Zuckmayer and the national socialism. With exchange of letters between they castle and Zuckmayer, in: To the discussion: Zuckmayers "secret report" and other contributions to the twitching May research (= twitching May he yearbook, Bd. 5), Goettingen: Barrier stone 2002, P. 247-295.
    • Margot rope-strain: Friedrich they castle in France. Its literary-journalistic statements between the world wars in the comparison with positions Ernst Heidelberg: Winter 1987. ISBN 3-533-03900-5
    • "The swallows fly highly". Memories of Friedrich they castle to 100. Birthday, hrsg. v. of the municipality fermenting rings. Fermenting rings 1994.

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