Field hunter since 1956 the military police of the German Federal Armed Forces is called. It belongs to the armed forces basis according to the current German Federal Armed Forces structure. The German Federal Armed Forces have 32 field hunter service commands.
The military order service is to support the superiors when supervising, maintaining and restoring the discipline and military order. The field hunters understand themselves likewise as central liaison point for all soldiers, the assistance need. Among them the following tasks fall: Field hunter strip service, employment with large meetings with military participation, controls in military real estate properties, supporting the military service courts and other law organs, participation in collecting and reconducting stragglers and persons, participation in collecting, taken in safekeeping, and transport of prisoners of war.
In multinational military employments becomes on sg. "Working plane "(i.e. below the echelon of command) traditionally the first contact manufactured between units of different nations over their respective military police; this experience made also the military police in its different international missions. Although in this form in "the constant order "fixed, this role does not rank probably among the field order service.
The military traffic service contains the monitoring and regulation of the military traffic and takes place in close co-operation with the police. Controls serve for to security in the traffic as well as protection from dangers for the armed forces. The military traffic service is divided into the following tasks: Exploring and marking roads, admission of traffic accidents by German Federal Armed Forces participation, military traffic controls, military traffic regulation, accompanying and control of military danger property or region transportation, participation in planning and supervising the military traffic, setting-up of a traffic guidance net of inclusive traffic control posts, rules of traffic in the tension and case of defense, as far as this is necessary for the fulfilment of the order for defense.
With the perception of safety tasks field hunters are used, in order to prevent criminal offences against the German Federal Armed Forces and to eliminate illegal disturbances of the official activity. Beyond that they can be assigned also the protection of allied armed forces. In addition field hunters carry person and escort out for endangered German Federal Armed Forces member. There are the following safety tasks: Security of operation centers in command posts of major units, person and escort, escort and pilot service, security of discussions, exhibitions and demonstrations, supervising real estate properties of the German Federal Armed Forces, participation in the protection of objects, protection of transportation.
The focal task collections and determinations covers the admission of consequence-fraught accidents, the determination of circumstances in official interest, the participation in the clearing-up of service passing (on request of Disziplinarvorgesetzten by trace safety device and collecting of other references) as well as the search for without permission absent soldiers.
The field hunters carry red toques with the Prussian guard star (= star of the black eagle medal) as badges. The collar mirrors with Prussian braid embroidery in the weapon color orange supports; likewise into orange the raids at the shoulder straps. Depending upon way of application white becomes leather things (ouple with belt; Stulphandschuhe) carried. After tradition of the sword carrying the pistol bag on the left side of the Koppels hangs. White ouple was exchanged in the meantime by "black things", i.e. black MP-bind, among them somewhat smaller the signature "field hunter" as well as black ouple with black Pistolenholster, hand latch bag etc. for "white things" remain for the military police however for representative meetings of the German Federal Armed Forces in the public, like e.g. the large tap caper, and the escort service receive.
The term "field hunter" originally nothing had with military-police tasks to do, but designated troops, which consisted of weapon-well-informed forest people and hunters. Already 1631 set up the land count Wilhelm V. of Hessen Kassel such a unit in its army. The large cure prince, Friedrich William, took over this troop unit concept some years later.
On 24 November 1740 Rhine mountain took place in Brandenburg via king Friedrich II. from Prussia the list instruction to the custodian Schenck of the hunter yard in potsdam on lock. This was appointed the "Capitaine de Guides" and should supply the Prussian army with good signposts/guides.
Meaning attained this troop unit in the apron of the Schlesi wars. The unit, which could orient itself in the area, was turned, reliable and also in handling weapons experiencedr than most regular troop units. Also in the napoleonischen wars this "troop without crew" worked satisfactorily. Particularly as scouts and couriers they were extremely estimated. Until 1919, when the Corps was dissolved in the context of the reduction of the German troops on the strength of 100.000 men in accordance with Versailler contract, were field hunters even the German messages abroad European as couriers assigned.
Beside the mounted troop Friedrich the large one set up four years later 1744 the field hunter corps to foot, recruited from the native forest personnel and their sons. Unit the strong at the beginning 300 men, which along-brought its own armament (the hunting rifles were clearly superior at this time to the infantry weapons in Punkto accuracy of fire), increased up to Friedrichs to IITH death on approximately 1000 men and is considered as a forerunner of all hunter battalions.
An assumption was guaranteed to the members separated from the military service into the forest service. After training courses crew ranks occurred usually the lower forest service. To mark it remains that the portion of the forstlichen training, in particular with the officers of the Corps, opposite which outweighed military. The officers studied thereby at the Prussian Forstlichen university Eberswalde, at which occasionally also George Ludwig Hartig taught. This academic tradition royally Prussian riding field hunters of the Corps (emblem "RFC") was resumed later after the dissolution of the active Corps 1919 by the so-called academic field hunter companies as well as by the field hunter association.
Since with increasing not all could be transferred to the forest service, the field of the troop changed itself in the course of the time. It became completely "more normally" infantry.
In the time after the Napoleoni wars up to the end of the third realm the designation "Feldgendarmerie" was usual for the police in the military service.
In the Second World War and for the end of the war the German field gendarmes ten thousands of" deserters "particularly fell into the hands and according to Hitler's slogan "the soldier can die, the deserter must die "were exekutiert. In the vernacular the field gendarmes were called chain dogs. In addition the Feldgendarmerie of the armed forces became notorious as Heldenklau, since they absuchten the treks of refugees from the east still after men potentially capable of bearing arms. The role of the Feldgendarmerie ranks so far among the most badly regenerated chapters of the LV despotism and the Second World War.
The German Federal Armed Forces finally took over the steeped in tradition Prussian designation "field hunter" for its military order troop. After signing list instruction of the Nr.1 for the German Federal Armed Forces on 6 October 1955 by the general at that time Heusinger was set up among other things in the former Air Force military hospital into other oh one a military police training company. On 30 January 1956 the term "military police" was replaced by the undersecretary of state at that time Rust by "field hunters".
A cause for it are apart from the traditional reasons particularly legal doubts: Against one "police "and also the powers of the military police of other armed forces do not have the military police own discipline acres force - which is the respective Disziplinarvorgesetzten of the soldier concerned reserved. However - since the beginning of the participation of the German Federal Armed Forces at multinational international missions (UNOSOM, at the latest however IFOR) the military police takes at least outwardly more and more the picture of one "to "on (S. in addition above "tasks today "and/or "uniform today ").
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