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» Economics » Colonialism » German colonial history » Etosha national park

Page modified: Wednesday, July 13, 2011 04:30:35


Serious animal research began in Etosha only, when 1947 with A.A. Pienaar the first occupation biologist were adjusted. As innovation in that game management was considered the suggestion of its successor P. to Schoeman to kill because of overloading of the pasture reasons of 1000 Zebras and 500 Gnus. The research and game management became 1954 direct goals of the administration by the appointment of de asked the first director/conductor of the nature protection administration. 1974 were created Forschungsinstitut for environmental questions. It supervises changes of the vegetation, the climate and the ground condition. Beginning of the 1980er years attempts were undertaken, the hunt pressure, caused by the lions to decrease by hormone implants which worked at least three years long.

A particularly difficult task for the biologists is the monitoring of the epidemics rabies and spleen fire. Thus that the animals cannot move away any longer and at the water holes are often close together, exists that completely year over infection danger. Between 1979 and 1982 rabies 100,000 Kudus in the southern Africa raffte down, since these are particularly susceptible to this epidemic.

In the southwest of the park 15,000 hectars the large already area Karoo is to preserves from endangered game animals. Into the 1970er years based enclave dedicates itself among other things to horse and Elenantilopen, Schwarznasenimpalas, the Bergzebra and the Spitzmaulnashorn.

Game care and protection

The number of the elephants is held by targeted killing with approximately 1,500 animals. They are nearly 70 years after their extermination before beginning 19. Century again immigrated to the area of the park.

A large success is also the protection of the (Diceros bicornis bicornis ). Their number rose from approximately 48 animals 1970 to 340 in the year 1990. That was at that time 10% of the world population. They are partly brought in endangered places at the edge park and far in the center park, in order to protect it against wilder ones. Thus the number of the gewilderten could be reduced 1990 to four opposite 23 in the year before. In the meantime by the success of the protection of the Spitzmaulnashorns about the fact it is thought whether the controlled hunt in Namibia is to become certified the income of foreign exchange.

Since December 1988 gives it a special-purpose force against professional Wilderei (anti- Poaching unit), which is partly lasting for weeks on the way. This aims not at opportunity gelegenheitswilderer, who climb over the fence, in order a jumping support or a wart pig for the internal requirement to hunt, but at criminal gangs, which kill elephants with automatic weapons of dozens of animals or and hunt because of their and/or horns.


The Etosha national park has the highest game density in Africa after the Serengeti park in Tanzania. One finds here with the exception of crocodiles, river horses, water supports and buffalos almost all animal species of the southern Africa. By the fence of 1973 it is no longer possible for the animals to leave the park it is dependent on the food offer in the park. The lack of calcium is remarkable in the food, the elephants forms thereby only very small and vegetarians like e.g. Giraffes chew on bones, in order to cover their need.


[African elephant]]
  • Breitmaulnashorn
  • Spitzmaulnashorn
  • Robbery cats
  • Lion
  • Leopard
  • Gepard
  • Serval
  • Falbkatze
  • Cats
  • Small mark broom cat
  • Zibetkatze
  • Brown
  • Earth wolf
  • Dogs
  • Cape fox
  • Spoon dog
  • Schabrackenschakal
  • Streifenschakal
  • Mangusten
  • Fuchsmanguste
  • Schlankmanguste
  • Fuchsmanguste
  • Southern Zwergmanguste
  • Scharrtier
  • ebras
  • Hartmann Bergzebra
  • Steppenzebra
  • Antilopen
  • Elenantilope
  • Pferdeantilope
  • Rappenantilope
  • Kuhantilope
  • Kudu
  • Gemsbock/Oryx
  • Impala and Schwarznasenimpala
  • Jumping support
  • Kronenducker
  • Damara Kirkdikdik
  • Klippspringer
  • [Schuppentier|Steppenschuppentier]]


    This overview gives only one impression of that to variety of the birds in the park and is no complete list.

  • Ear vulture
  • White back vulture
  • Wollkopfgeier
  • Cape vulture
  • Eagle
  • Combat eagle
  • Cry sea-eagle
  • Robbery eagle
  • Dwarf eagle
  • Black chest queue eagle
  • Gaukler
  • Sperber
  • Schlangensperber
  • Zwergsperber
  • Ovambosperber
  • Habichte
  • Singhabicht
  • Gabarhabicht
  • Singhabicht
  • Milane
  • Blackred Milan
  • Gleitaar
  • [Falcons]]
  • Lannerfalke
  • Red neck falcon
  • Turning red eleven-alkenes
  • Steppe falcon
  • Shikra
  • Tower falcon
  • Dwarf falcon
  • Heron
  • Goliathreiher
  • Grey heron
  • Purpureiher
  • Black head heron
  • Silberreiher
  • Storks
  • Abdimsstorch
  • Gaping bill
  • Nimmersatt
  • Marabu
  • Saddle stork
  • Black stork
  • White stork
  • Bunch
  • Secretary
  • Kronenkranich
  • Paradieskranich
  • Rosapelikan
  • Dwarf flamingo
  • Pink flamingo
  • Perlhuhn
  • Trappen
  • Gackeltrappe
  • Ludwigstrappe
  • Riesentrappe
  • Red cropping black horse
  • Hornrabe
  • Tokos
  • Gelbschnabeltoko
  • Grautoko
  • Monteiro Toko
  • Rotschnabeltoko
  • Racken
  • Blauracke
  • Gabelracke
  • Strichelracke
  • Wiedehopf
  • Gold nose parrot
  • Rose parrot
  • Grey Fischer
  • Grey-head-read
  • Senegal-read
  • Strip-read
  • Blue cheek pint
  • Bienenfresser
  • Zwergbienenfresser
  • Weber
  • Blutschnabelweber
  • Buffalo weber
  • Cabanisweber
  • Mahaliweber
  • Mask weber
  • Oryxweber
  • Red-brown weber
  • Crowd laughter weber
  • Settling weber
  • Flora

    A botanische characteristic is the Sprokieswoud (charm forest) between Okaukuejo and the Charl Marais dam. On a surface enclosed by approx. 1 km partly to the protection from elephants, here (Africa to sprokiesboom) stand, in the level, which grow otherwise only on rocky reason.

    Trees and bushes

    • Hook thorn (Acacia mellifera)
    • Camel thorn (Acacia erioloba)
    • Sticking thorn (Acacia nebrownii)
    • Loading cutting acacia (Acacia luederitzii)
    • Rosendorn (Acacia ataxacantha)
    • Sandveldakazie (Acacia fleckii)
  • Balsam bushes (Commiphorae)
  • Moringabaum (Moringa ovalifolia)
  • Bergdattel (Berchima discolor)
  • Brackbusch (Salsola articulata)
  • Wild fig
  • Makalanipalme (Hyphaene ventricosa)
  • Marula (Sclerocaryga birrea)
  • Mopane (Colospemum mopane)
  • Moringa (Moringa ovalifolia)
  • Sternkastanie (Sterculia quinqueloba)
  • Tamboti (Spirostachys africana)
  • Hirtenbaum, shepherd tree, white crust tree (Boscia albitrunca)
  • Waitingin-little (Ziziphus muoronanta)

  • Articles in category "Etosha national park [2 / 3]"

    We found here 147 articles.


    » August toss
    » Adolph of Hans man
    » Alexander Schoeller
    » Alfred Meyer Waldeck
    » Arguin


    » Battle to wading hereditary suppl.
    » Battle with Tanga
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    » Bismarck archipelago
    » Boxing up conditions


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    » Curt Karl Bruno of Francois


    » Desert horse
    » Dorslandtrekker
    » Duwisib
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    » Emperor William country
    » Etosha national park
    » Eremiteninseln
    » Ernst Heinrich Gg
    » Eduard Schnitzer


    » Finschhafen
    » Franz Adolf Eduard load-cut
    » Friedrich of Erckert
    » First Morocco crisis


    » Gibeon (Namibia)
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    » Pc. Thomas (Brandenburg)
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    » Peter flag


    » Realm colonial federation
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    » Tradition federation of former protection and overseas troops
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    » Witbooi
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    » Warm bath (Namibia)
    » Wading hereditary suppl.
    » William Sander


    » Victor Franke

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