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» Economics » Central Reich Security Office (person) » Topics begins with E » Ernst Kaltenbrunner

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Ernst Kaltenbrunner (* 4 October 1903 in Ried in the Innkreis, upper Austria; "† 16 October 1946 in Nuremberg) was an attained a doctorate lawyer, who had made political career in the police and security agency apparatus in the time of the national socialism. It was found by the war crimes trial 1946 for guilty in the sense of the accusation, condemned and executed to death.

Before end of war

Ernst Kaltenbrunner was born 1903 in Ried in the Innkreis as a son of the attorney Hugo Kaltenbrunner and its Mrs. Therese. After youth in Raab and Linz he took up law studies, which he 1926 with the reaching of the Dr. jur to Graz. terminated. During its study time it was member of the Grazer academic Burschenschaft Arminia, whose age Mr. was he up to its death. Following the study Kaltenbrunner was integrated not into a civil life, but participated in groups like the Austrian preservation of regional tradition. There these however it changed 1930 for Kaltenbrunners political principal purpose, which operated connection of Austria to the German Reich, not sufficiently, to the NSDAP and joined 1931 the SS. Here it made itself as a defender of arrested party members a name rapid. Also it functioned during the time before the connection of Austria to the German Reich as a message man Himmlers. Kaltenbrunner supplied the realm leader SS with information for political situation in Austria. 1934 he married Elizabeth Eder.

In the driving water of the Austrian LV of functionary Arthur Seyss Inquart the rapid ascent succeeded to it into the of the Austrian party wing. Seyss Inquart publicised a policy of the quiet dissolution of the state contrary to other high-ranking Austrian Nazi leaders. This stood in the glaring contrast to the brutal frontal methods of the remaining LV point in Austria, which harmed the reputation of the party in Hitler's eyes abroad. On 13 August 1938, after the connection of Austria to the German Reich, Kaltenbrunner was appointed the "undersecretary of state for the safety organization". On 11 September 1938 Heinrich Himmler made it the higher SS and police leader Danube, also in Vienna, and subordinated it thereby the entire SS in the area of Austria integrated into the German Reich. Here Kaltenbrunner, cold-posed despite its rank as SS-group leaders, felt, since he felt changed often into its authority of the measure-favorable of the SS around upper group leaders Reinhard Heydrich.

On 30 January 1943 Kaltenbrunner was introduced into Berlin into its new office as a boss of the state police and the SD. Kaltenbrunner began hereby the follow-up Heinrich Himmlers, which had kommissarisch noticed the line of the Central Reich Security Office (RSHA) apart from its other functions since pure hard Heydrichs death. In the same year Kaltenbrunner was promoted to the and general of the police. When director/conductor of the Central Reich Security Office (RSHA) was he the boss of of the notorious Gestapo of office, the Reichskriminalpolizeiamtes and the security agency (SD), which was responsible for the groups of employments, which murdered approximately 1.000.000 humans in the back of the east front to end of war.

To 12. March 1945 gave Ernst Kaltenbrunner to IKRK president at that time Carl Burckhardt the promise that IKRK delegating entrance to the concentration camps would be granted. This applied however under the condition that these delegated ones up to the end of the war remain in the camps. , Among them Louis Haefliger (duty-live) delegated ten, Paul Dunant (Theresienstadt) and Victor bricklayer (Dachau) explained themselves ready for such a mission.

Toward end of the war Kaltenbrunner with some last faithful ones in the so-called alpine fortress entrenchd itself with old from lake, in which up to the bitter end resistance should be offered, and into which many prominent Nazis had brought robbed treasures, in order to take precautions for the time after the war. There Kaltenbrunner was then arrested by the Englishmen.

After end of war

Brought after its arrest Kaltenbrunner to cross-examine first to England and afterwards after Nuremberg, where it should be placed before the international military tribunal (IMT). There he spoke of abusing in the English detention and worked like a broken man. When one presented to him the indictment (he was accused of crimes against the humanity and war crime), began he to cry. After short time however Kaltenbrunner transformed into a man, who fought with all means for its life. Kaltenbrunners defense strategy consisted essentially of maintaining any participation in crimes to denials and with offices for executive, like the Gestapo, nothing doing to have had. It was rather a kind of secret service representatives also excluding representative tasks. If necessary he denied even his own signature on loading documents, which were reproached to him by its prosecutor. Last end condemned the court Kaltenbrunner to death by the strand. The judgement was executed on 16 October 1946.


  • Peter Black: Ernst Kaltenbrunner - Vasall Himmlers. A SS-career. Paderborn 1991
  • Michael Wildt: Generation of the absolute one. The guidance corps of the realm safety principal office. Hamburg edition, Hamburg 2002, ISBN 3930908751
  • Lorenz Stadler: Ernst Kaltenbrunner: Ideological career/development, Organisationstruktur of the Central Reich Security Office, Kaltenbrunner before court. Bamberg 2004

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