Elias of lions (* 1602 in the county Glatz/Schlesien; " 27. April.1661 in Pitschen/Schlesien) was a physician, mathematician and astronomer.
Elias Kretzschmayer (also Craitschmair, Kretschmar, Kretschmer) was born approx. 1602 as a son one ev. minister in the circle Habelschwerdt in the county Glatz. It visited first a village school and afterwards the latin school to Habelschwerdt. For the winter semester it wrote 1619 at the University of Frankfurt/or studied themselves and beside medicine also astronomy and mathematics with Professor David Origanus. Kretzschmayer gained first practical experience as a physician in Schweidnitz - at that time after Breslau the most important metropolis in Schlesien. At the same time it is interested also further in astronomical computations. Its first work was "Horologium zodiacale", it the 1626 in Breslau published. It concerns itself therein with the computation of the plan duck courses. Already one year later, 1627, appears "report of the Firmaments, and that condition of the auff it nevertheless still 1682 a second edition experienced ground connection", which must have been quite successful. Further published it between 1626 and 1629 three astronomical calendars. For its earnings/services to the science it kept the hereditary nobility with the descriptor lent "from lions". It used latin form "Elias A Leonibus". In Schweidnitz he co-operated with the there city physician Heinrich Cunitz and became acquainted with so its daughter Maria, who was interested in the astronomy likewise much. Both married around 1630. Due to the Gegenreformation the scholar married couple had to leave Olobok as Evangelist Schweidnitz and flees in the long run to Poland on a property that Cistercian inside of the monastery. Here its wife supports with their research work at the improvement of the so-called Kepler' tables from lions. (See article Maria Cunitz). It kept the place of a city physician in Pitschen/Schlesien later, where it deceased on 27 April 1661.
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(University library Breslau, department of old person of pressures, signature: 542,593)
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(University library Breslau, handwriting department, signature: B 2000 dd)
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