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» Economics » Former enterprise (Germany) » Topics begins with D » Duesseldorf Duisburger Kleinbahn

Page modified: Wednesday, July 13, 2011 09:01:31

The Duesseldorf Duisburger Kleinbahn GmbH was a suburban traffic enterprise, which operated streetcars in Duesseldorf and Duisburg.

Existed in the year 1896 plans to connect the two cities Duisburg and Duesseldorf by a Kleinbahn. Due to the resistance by the state railway one decided to concentrate first on a connection between Duesseldorf and Kaiserswerth. For this purpose on 15 September 1898 the Duesseldorf Duisburger Kleinbahn GmbH was created and signed first on 2 January 1899 a contract with the city Duesseldorf. One month later the contract with the city Duisburg followed. With the present Treaties the course got the concession between Duesseldorf and Duisburg to build and operate the planned Kleinbahn. In the contract it was expressly forbidden to interconnect the two main stations. On 31 October 1899 the distance was opened from Duesseldorf to Kaiserswerth. After the distance had been extended, the enterprise took traffic on 26 August 1900 on the entire, nearly 24 kilometers is enough for distance between Duesseldorf and Duisburg up. In addition a Zweigstrecke came into Duesseldorf to Stockum.

In the years 1905 to 1906 the RWE on operation of Hugo Stinnes acquired gradually the portions of the Kleinbahn. Since it did not succeed to it, to receive, he retired a monopoly on streetcars in the area between Rhine and Ruhr the Kleinbahn at the general local and streetcar company.

1908 one extends the net in Duisburg and 1912 to Duisburger city one sting-strains after Grunewald built. 1914 followed a distance after meadow living and 1927 after hut home.

1911 took over the city Duesseldorf the parts of the course and 1913 lying on your city followed Duisburg this example. Although the course belonged to the two cities now, the GmbH remained existing further. The seat of the enterprise was shifted however to Duisburg. In the year the two cities considerations employed 1920 to shift the course on separate subgrade. These plans were put however ad acta, as an association for studies planning for a rapid-transit railway of Dortmund over Bochum, meal, Duisburg and Duesseldorf to Cologne presented. Since this project failed however because of the resistance of the National Railroad, the plans for the Kleinbahn were again gotten out and one began to convert these. When 1924 Duesseldorf had acquired 50 per cent of the course, the development of the distance followed starting from 6 August 1925. By its own subgrade and mechanism of signal-regulated railroad overpasses one could increase the speed at first on 40 km/h, later on 60 km/h. The travel time was shortened from before 78 minutes on 63 minutes. The line was extended 1935 in Duisburg in the cut up to the main station and in Duesseldorf up to the count Adolf place.

A characteristic of the D-course and the K-course Duesseldorf - Krefeld (today U70/U76) was the food car compartment, which regaled the passengers with beverages and small meals. Since the DVG removed the food compartments into the 1990er years, there are food cars only on the lines after Krefeld. One recognizes the converted cars today only by a missing door.

On 1 April 1938 the Duesseldorf Duisburger Kleinbahn GmbH was dissolved and taken over by the Duisburger streetcar GmbH. The connection of the former Duesseldorf Duisburger Kleinbahn GmbH mentioned up to the establishment of the traffic group Rhine Ruhr under the designation D-course is meanwhile part of the metropolitan railway nets Rhine Ruhr and carries the line number U 79. It connects today not only the city centres of Duisburg and Duesseldorf, but wrongly from the northern Duisburger quarter avoiding Erich until for Duesseldorf Oberbilk.

See also: DVG, Rhine course, metropolitan railway net Rhine Ruhr

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