A drug trackhound, also drug search dog, craze poison dog and craze central trackhound mentioned, is a trained house dog, in order to seek out drugs (craze means). They are used by the police or other security authorities and private safety enterprises.
As humans use the variety of the dog for centuries, then also with a drug trackhound the pronounced sense of smell in connection with play-rubbed used, in order to seek out drugs.
Drugs possess in each case an individual smell, which is for humans not or not always perceptible. One speaks here of the guidance substance, which contains the drug. Contrary to the guidance substance a drug possesses also an active substance, which, as the name already says, the effect causes.
With the training as the drug trackhound the sense of smell and play-rubbed used. That is, that its Bringsel (toy) is equipped with drugs and only played for the time being. In the course of the play, which naturally prepares much joy for the dog, it is confronted with the smell of the individual drugs. In the further steps this Bringsel is then hidden and the dog must look for it, in order to play further. So thus the dog does not only become acquainted with the individual smells of the different drugs, but it learns by the fact also that its toy at a place unattainable for it can be hidden. In this case the dog is to indicate to its dog leader "", where its Bringsel is hidden.
The dogs are usually trained on the basic substances by cocaine, heroin, Cannabis and Amphetamine.
That is that form of activity, which the dog must show, in order to show its dog leader, where the toy is hidden. It can take place both "actively "and "passively ".
Here the dog signals by active behavior, for example by scratching, where it noticed the smell of drugs.
Here the dog behaves passively, i.e. it remains to seats, or in the form of "place ", in a certain position or position, for example through and fixes with nose and eyes that point, where it noticed the smell.
The dog learned thus to show to its dog leader by a certain behavior that it at a certain place and/or hiding place smells after drugs. In the case of training the dog is recompenced then immediately with its toy. In case of emergency the drug found there is only removed and exchanged with its toy.
With its work the dog may not come under any circumstances with the craze means directly into contact. As the drugs for humans, is extremely unhealthy it is harmful also for a dog. With the so-called hard drugs, like heroin or cocaine, it would be perhaps even deadly for the dog, it only small quantities with the nose or the tongue would take up. So it is also a far common erring faith that the dog is made addicted, in order to seek out or increase by its successes drugs.
See also: Passive dog.
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