Ius Sanguinis (also ius sanguis, Jus Sanguinis, lat. right of the blood), designates the principle, according to which a state lends its nationality to children, whose parents or at least one parents are citizens of this state. It is also called therefore "descending principle".
The place of birth principle (Ius Soli) is another principle of the nationality acquisition parallel valid in most states and ties to the place of birth.
In the German Reich the nationality law of 1870 applied. The there valid territorial principle permitted the nationality to immigrants after few years stay.
1914 came into force the "realm and nationality law". The new regulation defined a German national nationality, embodied legally the descending principle and created the territorial principle off. This law was taken over after the Second World War. The Germans therefore formed an ethnical homogeneous descending community. Thus on the one hand evacuees and the citizens of the GDR were seen legally as citizens of the Federal Republic and on the other hand a out-bordering policy on foreigners was justified (Klaus J. Bade).
The reformed nationality right from the year 2000 sets apart from the descending principle strengthens the place of birth principle (Ius Soli) in.
See return law
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» Descending principle
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