A Chonmage ) is a traditional Japanese man crop. It is usually brought with the Samurai in connection. In recent time one sees it almost exclusively with Sumoringern.
For a Chonmage the hair must be relatively long. It is oiled with Bintsuke, chamomile oil, and by means of a gewachsten loop from Washipapier, for which Moto yui, to a horse tail bind, which is then folded on the top side of the head, so that a kind knot results. In the Edo period the main hair of the head top side was usually abrasiert. After the Meiji restoration this hair-style was not any longer carried.
Sumoringer, which carry today a Chonmage crop, shave themselves the cover hair no longer off, thin it however occasionally out, in order to lend to the knot lying on it a better stop. Fighters of the highest two leagues, the so-called Sekitori, receive permission for carrying an easily modified Chonmage. One calls the style of this hair-style Oicho (Ginkgoblatt), with it is semicircularly spread the hair ends of the knot, which is called Hakesaki.
1937 were Shinkai Kozo of the first which let its Haarknoten cut off on the occasion of its resignation. Today it became generally custom that one removes Rikishi with its parting from the ring (Danpatsu shiki) in a public ceremony their Mage.
The singularness of the Chonmage makes it necessary that the Japanese Sumoverband employs specialized hairdressers, the so-called Tokoyama (this term designated originally only the Maskenbildner of the Kabukitheaters responsible for the hair-styles). These about 50 important employees are, as in the Sumo usually, divided into a rank system and belong to the stables or Heya. The training is lengthy and takes about 10 years. The profession of the Tokoyama may seem to an outstanding one incorrectly, but the sensitivity of the hair-styles makes a constant support urgently necessary because of the demand in the fights by specialists.