Carriage dog one calls each dog, which before a carriage strained will, in order to pull these over table-ware and linen. Carriage dogs must be persistent and cold-resistant.
Where and when dogs were used for the first time as course animals before carriages, is not well-known. It is assumed however that in the eastern Siberia, whose native of peoples looks back on a long tradition of winter journeys it took place.
Today there are several dog races, which are used particularly as carriage dogs, although each medium sized race is suitable for it, to pull a carriage. Thus some years ago for example a bottom plate of reinrassigen Pudeln participated in Iditarod running. However the participant took the bottom plate after 2 running days from running, since the Pudelfell was not adapted to the weather conditions at that time. Drivers of a car/trailer combination (so mentioned mash ago) use frequently different than the typical carriage dog races or half-breeds than bottom plate animals. During the time of the Klondike of gold fever half-breed bottom plates were even the rule.
The typical carriage dog races appeared in the northern regions about 100 v. Chr. and developed into the individual up to their current homogeneity. After the individual they received different names, then the dog in Siberia of the "Siberian Husky" and the dog of the Malamuten "Alaskan Malamute" was called. 1926 set up the "American Kennel club" the standard for the Malamute. In its original homeland is the Malamute for carriage running much likes. The typical races have raues, straight and closely fitting cover hair with closer, soft Unterwolle, them become large and up to 45 kg heavy up to 70 cm.
In the middle decades of the last century, in which lost carriage dog running at public interest, a fragmentation took place into different breed goals in the breed from carriage dogs: On the one hand breed lines for so mentioned developed showdogs, which were going by optimized in the breed to correspond on exhibitions to the race standards accordingly as optimally as possible and present themselves, on the other hand one however to smaller extent also the very old, original, purely achievement-oriented work breed lines were resumed (e.g. Seppala). In the 70's those experienced carriage dog running one Renaissance and in Central Europe were also for the first time organized. Now the advantages of the animals further-bred in the stress-deformation diagrams showed up.
Also today there are still both orientations in the breed of nordischer dogs, without the buyers of these dogs of the differences are always conscious. One determines therefore often extraordinarily large differences in the plant-conditioned efficiency of nordischer dogs, even with dogs, which are quite similar in their outside feature.
High physical and mental abilities are required by carriage dogs. The physical abilities permit good carriage dogs, with optimal assessment and optimal training to pull within 24 hours a carriage over 200 km. The mental abilities consist of the proverbial "the Irish ton go", the absolute run will, which is responsible for the fact that the readiness to perform remains also under long continuous physical demand and under hardest climatic conditions. Despite the stress the carriage dogs must understand the necessary commands and to convert be able and able be independent to find the "correct" Trail. In short running carriage dogs achieve an average speed of 20 to 25 miles per hour, when long-distance running amount to the average cruising speed still 10 to 14 miles per hour. Carriage dogs can put back in such a way during one winter altogether up to approx. 10,000 km. At the same time distinguish the carriage dog a pronounced social behavior, a small pain sensitivity and a strong cardiovascular system, which permit it to the working dog to develop a metabolism which despite all efforts also a scarce food offer is sufficient.
A carriage dog bottom plate, the team in such a way specified, can consist of two up to over 12 dogs. Nowadays the bottom plates are clamped usual as tandem, whereby they are fastened to a central release cable in each case. The Inuit of the arctic harnesses its animals also as "fan", whereby each animal is connected with the carriage with its own release cable.
In the team there are the positions Leader, the guidance dog, Wheeler, directly before the carriage, and Swinger, all other dogs in the bottom plate.
Highest requirements are placed against the Leader, because they give the speed and must with that communicate mash ago and its requirements convert. They are also jointly responsible for the motivation of the whole team, particularly under high physical loads. Besides they must to a large extent independently the correct way, which Trail find, so that only in situations with commands, doubtful for the Leader, must intervene mash ago. Purely physically they carry the hardest work out in particular in the deep snow. Is amazing orientation and local memory abilities of good guidance dogs. Pretty often they recognize in former times once a run way also after years.
As Wheeler the physically strongest dogs are often used, so that their traction power over the release cable long with large bottom plates up to 20 m must, which with it confines in particular kurvigen passages will not transfer to the fact lead could that the dogs within the middle range of the bottom plate are pulled against curve obstacles. These dogs do not have to furnish, apart from the run will, a special mental achievement. Often as Wheeler also dogs in the training or such are clamped, which go gladly own ways. From it they are prevented by the traction power of the team members running in front.
The dogs of a team know generally their position in the bottom plate and are in this point, like also in many other ranges of the dog life, expressed habit animals. With very intensive employment of the dogs it can be meaningful to exchange the two dogs running next to each other occasionally in the position although this from the dogs does not become estimated. The exchange leads to an even physical load, since the dogs in the described tandem formation must pull perforce always somewhat diagonally for direction of travel. Outwardly this can show up in the uneven skin wear up to the Wundlaufen of the skin under the Zuggeschirr.
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