The Brettchenweben is an old handicraft technology, with which one, also independently of loom or Web framework, can manufacture narrow volumes.
As Web equipment serves small Webbrettchen, which is provided with holes at the corners. The Brettchen have a three depending upon number of holes four or polygonal form. The Brettchen from wood, horn, bone or leather were manufactured, more rarely from Bronzeblech. Today the Brettchen are made also of cardboard and plastic.
Into each hole of the Brettchen a chaining thread is drawn and the chain then strained. Depending upon width of the desired fabric an accordingly large number of Brettchen is to be equipped next to each other. One can affect also by the choice of the material the width. The surfaces of the Brettchen stand parallel to the chain. If one turns the Brettchen in this position into one of the two possible directions, then the threads of each Brettchens for itself are verzwirnt to a cord. Brettchen, after a complete turn of the Brettchen by 360 degrees successively, open four from that in each case different chaining threads of the four holes with The connected fabric develops, as into opening the Webfach now a Schussfaden is drawn and fastened. This holds the lacing together of the chaining threads, and is in the standard all case in the finished fabric not to be seen. Exceptions form the so-called Missed get technology, with which the Schussfaden forms the sample and which shive fabrics, with which the Schussfaden becomes visible as punctiform thing in the fabric.
Since with the rotation of the Brettchen likewise the chaining supply rotates opposite for the intended direction of rotation of the Brettchen, the Brettchen in more or less regular distance are again turned back. A recurring sample develops depending upon the technology of the drawn in chaining threads. One speaks here also of the cord connection technology. Other techniques are so-called two-colored weaving - Doubleface, with which the sample with only 2 colors is woven. Characteristically here it is that on the lower surface of the fabric the sample in the colors develops exactly complementary to the top side. A further technology is called because the diagonally running chaining threads in the fabric, developing with this Web technology, resembles the of normal weaving.
The origin of the Brettchenwebens is not clarified. It became a elfenbeinernes Brettchen from Susa from that 3. Millenium before Christ discovers. The oldest European Brettchengewebe originates from a grave of the mansion-new fact-temporal Nekropole Sasso di Fubara in Italy from that 8. Jhd.v.Chr.
The finds from the grave of the of high village are the oldest German finds. They become on 6. /5. Jhd.v.Chr dates.
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