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» Personal Loan No Credit Check, Online Economics » Amber » Topics begins with B » Bitter field


Page modified: Wednesday, July 13, 2011 19:04:14
Coat of armsMap
Base data
Land of the Federal Republic:Saxonia-Anhalt
Circle:District bitter field
Geographical situation:
Height:75 - 90 m NN
Surface:27.85 km
Inhabitant:15.805 (30 June 2005)
Population density:568 inhabitants for each km
Postal zip codes:06731 - 06749
Preselection:03493
Kfz characteristic:BTF
Municipality characteristic number:15154002
Address of the city administration:Market 706749 bitter field
Website:www.bitterfeld.de
Mayor:Dr. Werner robbery universe (SPD)

Bitter field is the district town of the district bitter field in the southeast of the country Saxonia-Anhalt and a center of the chemical industry.

Geografie

Bitter field is appropriate for about 25 km northeast of resounds (Saale) and about 35 km north of Leipzig. East the hollow artificial lake is, southeast Goitz and in the north follows the neighbour city Wolfen. The city lies in the nature area of bitter fields mining district.

Neighbour municipalities

Adjacent municipalities are Friedersdorf, Greppin, Holzweissig, circular block, Pouch and Sandersdorf.

Intended city fusion

Bitter field will fuse to 1 July 2007 with the neighbour city Wolfen and the municipalities Greppin, Holzweissig and Thalheim to a new city Bitterfeld Wolfen also together about 50,000 inhabitants, which will be then the fourth largest city of Saxonia-Anhalt.

History

  • first documentary mention on 28 June 1224
  • Plundering in the war by Sweden (1637)
  • 1815 by the Viennese congress integrated by Saxonia of the Prussian province Saxonia
  • Upswing by industrial settlement and binding to the Eisenbahnnetz after 1837
  • 1974-1993 amber open mining, only by hand, starting from 1976 with plant

Before the Second World War bitter field was a modern industrial centre, in times of the late GDR became it a symbol for the marode equipment of the economy and dangerous environmental pollution. In those years the city carried also the little flatterful title "dirtiest city of Europe". With the turn after 1989 and the resulting industrial quiet putting could draw a deep breath humans, plants and nature figurativy spoken again. Even if the omission of many jobs meant often an enormous load for humans, could now be remembered to make again more worth living the maltreated region. With billions-worth recultivation achievements the mining industry subsequent landscape was transformed around bitter field into a sea-landscape, which today Wanderern and water-haven-learn a small Paradies given. Piece by piece can be observed, how nature heals its old scars. Monika Maron in its novel "fly ash" the extremely difficult production conditions into bitter fields chemistry operating defiance quiet putting of numerous industrial companies and economic problems is bitter field as part of the "Central German chemistry triangle" over resounds (Saale) and Leipzig with the new "chemistry park" (see below) still an important location of the modern chemical industry.

  • 2000: Correspondence region of the Expo 2000 in Hanover

Inhabitant development

Development of the number of inhabitants (starting from 1960 31 December):

1840 to 1933

  • 1840 - 3.649
  • 1870 - 5.693
  • 1880 - 6.531
  • 1890 - 9.047
  • 1925 - 19.384
  • 1933 - 21.328

1939 to 1984

  • 1939 - 23.949
  • 1946 - 32,833 1
  • 1950 - 32,814 2
  • 1960 - 31.687
  • 1981 - 22.199
  • 1984 - 21.279

1995 to 2004

  • 1995 - 16.868
  • 2000 - 16.507
  • 2001 - 16.237
  • 2002 - 15.985
  • 2003 - 15.798
  • 2004 - 15.755
Data source starting from 1995: Statistic national office Saxonia-Anhalt

1 29. Oktober2 31 August

Politics

Partnerships between cities

Bitter field maintains partnerships between cities with Marl (North Rhine-Westphalia), Vierzon (France) and Dzershinsk (Russia)

Culture and objects of interest

Museums

In that 1839 in the city center as school building established circle museum are apart from permanent exhibitions to regional history, geology, biology, archaeology. Besides a permanent exhibition is dedicated to the balloon travel, which can look in bitter field on a tradition back. In the cellar a constant exhibition is to be seen to bitter fields the amber, which only German amber stores describe after the Second World War.

Buildings

  • Ev. church pc. Antonius, 1905 - 1910, again-gothical building of bricks
  • City hall, 1863 - 1865, again-gothical building of bricks after draft of August Friedrich knight
  • "Prince lodging ", 1579, two-story, today cleaned framework construction with Renaissance portal
  • Kath. church heart Jesu in the gothical style
  • Park plant vulgo: Becomes green lung
  • Culture palace, builds 1954, here the "bitter fields way" 1956 was announced; after reorganization at the end of of 2004 again opens
  • flooded open mining "Goitz" (amber lake) with gauge tower and water front
  • Professional training school "August von Parseval ", 2000, at that time largest low energy building of Germany, planning and execution: scholl architect GmbH, Stuttgart

Sport

  • Twice the FAI World gas Balloon Championship, took place the gas balloon world championship, in bitter field. 1996 won the German team around Thomas's finch and copilot Rainer hate old from Augsburg with the balloon GER 1. 2004 took place the last gas balloon world championship after eight years again in bitter field. Again a German team triumphed.

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