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Bird berry or Eberesche
:Bloom plants (Magnoliophyta)
:Dreifurchenpollen (Rosopsida)
:Rose something similar (Rosidae)
:Rosales
:Rose plants (Rosaceae)
:Pomiferous plants Maloideae
:Flour berries (Sorbus)
Scientific name
Sorbus aucuparia
L. 1753

The bird berry or Eberesche (Sorbus aucuparia) is a deciduous tree in the kind flour berries (Sorbus). Other designations are throttle berry, Quit, or Krametsbeerbaum. The designation Speierling is wrong, since so another Sorbus kind is designated. One can recognize the affiliation to the Unterfamilie of the pomiferous plants (Maloideae) with exact view of the fruits well; they look like small apples.

The name Eberesche is derived from the old German "however "(as in "but faith ") and from "ash "and therefore agitated that the sheets resemble those of the ashes, but nevertheless exists no closer relationship between these tree species.

Occurrence

The bird berry is in Europe (with exception of the Mediterranean area) as well as in the moderate ranges of Asia domestic. The bird berry is a fast Besiedler of fallow lands and occurs on clearing, in hedges or at edges of forest. In the mountains one finds the tree to to the timber line.

Description

The bird berry is with an average height of up to 15 m a rather Type in rare cases reaches a Vogelbeerbaum 25 M.

The German name comes from the orange colored berries, which the tree in the autumn carries and which are eaten gladly by birds. With the excrement of the birds the seeds are far spread. The round berries have a diameter of approximately 1 cm. They contain much Vitamin C, work however due to the content of exhausting. The taste is determined by apple acid and Gerbstoffe, which suffer humans the consumption of the berries despite their sugar content of over 10%.

The sheets are unmatched pinnated and about 15 cm long; a sheet has usually between 9 and 19 Fiedern, which are sawed at the edge.

The Eberesche flowers in the Northern Hemisphere from May to July, the fruits matures August/September.

The Eberesche or bird berry is a but ash, a wrong ash. Only at first sight it appears ash-related to their pinnated leaves sawed however sharply at the page margin. Its second name Vogelbeerbaum addresses the preference of the birds for the orange to scarlet berries; for humans they are innocuous, but roughly ungeniessbar. Fruit-red Ebereschenzweige lured above all the the awake old strangling in the net or on the glue rod. Whereupon also the botanische name, the Sorbus, alludes. The Eberesche is one important fodder plant for 31 mammal and 72 kinds of insect, among them 41 small butterflies and twelve trunk beetles. On the fruits 63 bird and 20 kinds of mammal lives.

Diseases

Since 1960 became with Ebereschen in the Central European area strong disease symptoms observed, among them chlorotic rings and Scheckungen. Reduced growth and slow purge were observed likewise. Investigations point on the fact that it probably concerns a virus, which is related to the family of the Bunyaviren.

Bird berry in the kitchen

The berries contain, apart from of the little tasty which can lead to stomach problems, large quantities Vitamin C (up to 100 mg per 100 gram of berries) as well as Provitamin A and Sorbit, a sugar substitute. The is diminished by cooking to which is well compatible. Cooked berries can be eaten even in larger quantities.

The stomach-friendly office for six, which is burned for more than hundred years in the Fichtelgebirge, exhibits bird berries as raw material. Also the Czech the Jarcebinka, is a speciality from these fruits.

Bird berry in the Pflanzenheilkunde

Even if in people faith holds itself persistent the rumor, the fruits are poisonous, are not not correct this. Daily a few raw fruits chewed, are favorable the chair course; dried against it the berries are considered as house means against failure. Due to the of the fruits larger quantities cause roughly eaten stomach complaints. After the first frosts the fruits lose their bitter taste, and become easily

Cultural

The Vogelbeerbaum was the Teutons as Thor geweihter tree holy. The bird berry was explained in Germany as the tree of the yearly 1997.

The wood of the bird berry is flexibly feinfasrig and beautifully gemasert. It is suitable therefore very well for Drechsler and carving work. In the forest areas the wood was so desired with the Drechslern and Spielzeugmachern that the had in former times emergency not to protect the trees before that their wood need gladly expensively buying poor turners from play goods to.

In the ore mountains the Vogelbeerbaum has the status national tree and becomes in the Volkslied of the "Vugelbeerbaam" from brothers and sisters Caldarelli besungen.

There is also a song named Vogelbeerbaum that in student connections one sings.

Literature

  • W. Benthack, N. Mielke, C. H. - P.
double stranded RNA pattern and partial sequence DATA indicate plans virus infection associated with the ringspot disease OF European mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia L.). In: Arch. Virol. 150/2005, P. 37-52

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