Bags are ductile transport containers from paper, plastic or other flexible materials for the packing of loose smaller articles and powders. To in 20. They belonged to century to the most important implements of the retail trade.
The word is derived from centraldown-German tute (for "horn "), which exclusively designated in former times "(also as wind instrument, compared "in the same horn tuten "). In Switzerland and in Austria the word is uncommon, one speaks there of bag, in Austria also of Sackerl).
Over the origin of the bag only assumptions can be employed, but since without tool can be made from large sheets or of skins, they might belong to the oldest containers at all. There are first literary referring to bags (for spices) from that 1. Century n. Chr. For approximately 1400 in Germany paper is manufactured and the paper bag comes into use. In the dictionary of the Erasmus Alberus of 1550 the term is taken up "Dott "and 1555 is in a disputation: "If equal the holy writing otherwise nirgendts too serve, then it is darzu gutt that one is written from the Blettern darauff it, Teutichen nevertheless makes thut and pepper or other into it. "In the picture "children's games "of Pieter Bruegel D. from the same time is shown a bag of printed on paper. The first factory for the production of of paper developed 1853 in all village. Rectangular bags with flat soil could be manufactured only since the construction of the block soil bag machine 1901 by machine. Since then 1908 the viscose foil (label name "cellophane ") were invented, gave it beside paper bags also first transparent.
Into the center 20. Century goods of the daily need were offered to in bags out mostly loosely in the trade and the dealers counted or weighed the desired quantities, around them individually for the customer. Today practically all products are packed already by the manufacturer more or less and were stepped in place of the classical bag the reciprocally welded breaking bag from plastic, apart from few exceptions as the short trade and the sweet sales at kiosks. In lunch restaurants into the 1970er years Pommes of frites were sold still in from greaseproof paper, similarly, as it is usual today still with Fish and chip in England.
Beginning 20. Century arose a special form of the bag, the carrying bag, a large block soil bag of strong paper with grasps, a one-way product as replacement for shopping bag or - basket, which served at the same time as means of publicity. Without grasps it is today still in the USA the usual packing for the daily purchase. In Europe it was displaced to a large extent for the 1950er years by the plastic carrying bag from Polyethen (market share around 1970: approximately two thirds).
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