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Falsifications, manipulations and legends

Falsifications and manipulations

Already in 18. Century amber inclusions were falsified. One tried at that time to accommodate animals such as frogs or lizards as Inklusen in the amber a practice, which is still common also nowadays.

Sometimes also the amber is falsified. Apart from their fuel smell and their small hardness and/or density are to be differentiated some amber places only heavily from according to colored plastics to. Frequently also mixtures of amber and synthetic resins are offered as amber. They are however by the clearly set off to recognize cast in pieces of amber easily.

In the GDR artificial amber from polyester and pieces of amber was sold as Polybern.

Less easily to identify are reconstructions from pulverized Schleifabfall or small fragments of the pure amber, which is merged with one another. Amber reconstructions may be sold as "genuinly amber ", there the basis actually genuine amber (dust) are. It is well-known also as press amber

For examining, whether it concerns with an amber an original or a Imitat, it can be used a glowing needle. One holds and pulls these by the stone her with something pressure over it. If a groove forms and if the stone becomes smudgy and/or if it smells harzig, while the needle in a place remains, it is amber. Otherwise it is a Imitat.

Alternatively one can use also the density of the amber to the test. Amber sinks in fresh water (e.g. normal tap water) swims however in concentrated seawater. One uses two containers, one with fresh water, one with seawater (about two salt on a Viertelliter water). Amber sinks in the first glass, swims however in second. Plastics swims also on fresh water, stones and glass sinks in the seawater.

Artificially clarified Berne stones are not rarity. Cloudy nature Berne stones (95% of the nature Berne stones) are warmed up over several days slowly in or flax seed oil, in order to clarify it. Can be manufactured by skillful temperature control during the clarifying process also sun guns, sun jumps and Blitzer, which occur extremely rarely in nature Berne stones, purposefully. Often also a high age of the stone is pretended. With the Antikisieren so mentioned the material in an electrical furnace in cleaned sand is heated up several hours on 100 "°C, in order to produce a warm brown clay/tone. All these manipulations are unfortunately only difficult to prove.

Amber is often confounded with translucent yellow flint, whose surface also shines. But contrary to the light and warm amber flint is cold and harder as glass. In order to differentiate Berne stones even found from flint to (with smaller fragments is not the weight so easily to determine), one can strike the stone carefully against a tooth. If this gives a soft clay/tone, how he develops for example, if one strikes with the fingernail against the tooth, then it is not a flint.

Legend

It does not correspond to the conditions of the science that from the DNA a inkludierten mosquito, the dinosaur blood took up, with the help of which genetic engineering an alive dinosaur be produced can. This was the fundamental idea of the book DinoPark of Michael Crichton, which was filmed later than Jurassic park.

Also the statement, it is wrong would give inclusions of sea organisms in the amber. It concerns with the enclosed organisms exclusive land inhabitant (70% all Inklusen) and fresh water organism (30%) of the amber forest areas.

Literature

  • Wilfried yielding pool of broadcasting corporations, Wolfgang Weitschat: In the amber forest. Gerstenberg, ISBN 3-8067-2551-9
  • Wilfried yielding pool of broadcasting corporations, Wolfgang Weitschat: Atlas of the plants and animals in the Baltic amber. ISBN 3-931516-94-6
  • Jens Grzonkowski: Amber. Hamburg: Ellert&Richter 1996, ISBN 3-89234-633-X
  • Sylvia Botheroyd, Paul F.Botheroyd, the amber book. Atmospheres, ISBN 386533010X
  • Wunderlich: Fossil spiders in amber and Kopal. 2 volumes, given change of J. Wunderlich, joergwunderlich@t-online.de - only with the author available.
  • Wilfried yielding pool of broadcasting corporations, Wolfgang Weitschat: Atlas OF Plants and Animals in Baltic Amber: in more detail than German expenditure (see above), ISBN 3-931516-45-8
  • Jens William Janzen: Arthropods in Baltic Amber. ISBN 3-932795-14-8
  • J.M. de Navarro: Prehistoric Routes between Northern Europe and Italy defined by the Amber trade. The Geographical journal, volume. 66, No. 6 (Dec., 1925), 481-503
  • Max J. Kobbert: Amber - windows into the primeval times. Goettingen: Planet poster edition 2005, ISBN 3-933922-95-X
  • Bernhard Bruder: of stones, new one earth publishing house (1998), ISBN 3-89060-025-5

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